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SME-ICGCM (1801)
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TITLE Investigating the Contributing Factors to Rib Fatalities Through Historical Analysis
SUMMARY Rib-related accidents in underground coal mines continue to cause injuries and take lives at a rate of 1.3 fatalities per year for the last 17 years. Prevention of these accidents cannot simply be a matter of installing more rib support, though the eventual final solution will undoubtedly include that component. Ultimately, rib safety will be brought about through an understanding of the causes and mechanisms that cause rib fatalities, and by fine-tuning mining methods and procedures that are cu...
AUTHOR Jones, Tristan H.
TITLE Calibrating the LaModel Program for Shallow Cover Multiple? seam Mines
SUMMARY The LaModel program (Heasley, 1998) is a displacement discontinuity, boundary element model (BEM) for analyzing stresses and displacements in single and multiple-seam coal mines. After the Crandall Canyon mine collapse, the need for better design guidelines for LaModel was observed and a new calibration method for deep cover pillar retreat was developed (Heasley et al., 2010). However, the scope of this initial calibration was limited to single-seam mines deeper than 750 ft. This limited applica...
AUTHOR Sears, Morgan
TITLE Ground Control Practice at Leeville Underground Mine
SUMMARY The geotechnical properties of mining zones at Leeville Underground mine (or simply called Leeville mine through this paper) are different from one zone to another. The typical ground condition is poor to very poor. Therefore, an appropriate ground control practice is the key for the successful and smooth ore production at Leeville mine. Based on the available geotechnical data, the empirical and numerical methods are used to design the right ground support systems. The main ground control pract...
AUTHOR Sun, Changshou
TITLE Analyses of De-Confinement Mechanisms of Unstable Failures in Underground Mining Conditions
SUMMARY The de-confinement mechanisms of unstable failures as they occur in deep coal mining conditions are investigated using a distinct element numerical modeling code. The Mohr-Coulomb and continuously yielding joint constitutive models were used to study the compressive failures in coal and slip behavior of coal-rock interfaces, respectively. The effect of strength variations within interfaces on the failure mechanism of mining faces is also studied. The stability of interface slip failures was foun...
AUTHOR Gu, Ruixiang
TITLE Development of An Enhanced Methodology for Ground Movement Predictions Due to Longwall Mining in the Illinois Basin
SUMMARY The Illinois Basin has an extensive history with the use of mechanized longwall mining dating back to the early 1970?s. In recent times, technological advances have resulted in increased panel widths from 800 feet to over 1400 feet and daily panel advance rates have also increased significant l. The prediction and control of subsidence and surface deformation due to underground mining are important considerations in the permitting, planning, and monitoring of these coal mining operations. The...
AUTHOR Agioutantis, Zach G.
TITLE Estimating Coal Strength Based on Historical Laboratory Tests and Geomechanics Classification
SUMMARY The coal seam strength and the failure criteria that represent the behavior of the coal seam are very important for mine section and pillar design. Additionally, mine section and pillar design take into account roof and floor layers, which form the roof-pillar-floor system. Therefore, underground ground control design begins, most importantly, with rock mass characterization. Another issue is the distribution or behavior of the coal seam strength for the whole mine area. Sometimes, the coal seam...
AUTHOR Zingano, Andre
TITLE Economic Impact of Ascending Mine?Waters in Germany
SUMMARY Due to a political decision, German hard coal mining will come to an end in the year 2018. By then, there will have been more than 150 years of industrial grade mining activities. Located in the western part of Germany is one of the most densely populated areas of Europe. Multiple coal seams have embossed the earth?s surface up to 20 meters (21.87 yards), as mining has subsided. The aftercare of hard coal mining will consist of three tasks: groundwater management, polder management, and groundwa...
AUTHOR Preusse, Axel
TITLE Overburden Failure Characteristics of Extra?Thick Seam Using Top Coal Caving Mining Method at Tongxin Coal Mine
SUMMARY In order to determine the overburden failure characteristics of extra-thick seam mining, EH4 electromagnetic image system and borehole televiewer survey were applied to panel 8100, Tongxin coal mine. EH4 electromagnetic imaging system was used to map the overburden strata before and after mining. Analysis of the distribution of the electrical conductivity showed that the fractured zone height was 492-558 ft (150-170m); Observation through the borehole televiewer showed that the fractured zone he...
AUTHOR Zhu, Zhijie
TITLE Appropriate Mining System for Residual Coal Around End?slopes in Chinese Surface Coal Mines
SUMMARY A great deal of coal will be left under the final end-walls in Chinese surface coal mines because of lower slope angle in shoveltruck mining systems and larger mining depths. In traditional surface mining systems, the coal under the end-walls will be buried by the inner dumping site, and these coal resources are generally abandoned. Considering these situations, the application of end-wall mining systems was considered in order to recover the residual coal around the end-wall. This mining system...
AUTHOR Sasaoka, Takashi
TITLE Rock Characterization Using Time - Series Classification Algorithms
SUMMARY Development of measurement while drilling (MWD) systems for ground control applications in mining applications has recently been an active research topic. The main goal is to utilize the drilling information for characterizing the ground condition. Such characterization is the key to the accurate and efficient mapping of hazards and proper planning of ground support. However, most of the existing drilling units and measurement while drilling systems are mainly developed for joints and voids dete...
AUTHOR Bahrampour, Soheil