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SME-ICGCM (1801)
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TITLE Numerical Modeling of the Pillar Confinement with Backfilling Material in Room?and?Pillar Coal Mining
SUMMARY It is known that the backfilling confinement increases the pillar strength and also reduces the rib lateral displacement. With backfilling, it is possible to increase the room-and-pillar mining recovery. This paper aims to study the behavior of coal pillars confinement using rock fill as backfilling material. Laboratory tests were carried out to determine the behavior of backfilling materials. Constitutive models were developed for the tested backfilling materials. Numerical simulations for the ...
AUTHOR Zingano, Andre
TITLE Roof Bolting for Long-Term Entries in Underground Coal Mines
SUMMARY As simpler and easier reserves are exploited to depletion, underground coal mining continues in more complex geologic settings and conditions. Roof bolting for long-term entry stability is always a challenge. For long-term entries of a mine such as belt, track entries and return airways, roof could be under-supported if one uses the same bolting plan as in short-term entries or even seem over-supported with increasing use of longer, stronger bolts along with mesh, pans, straps or trusses. In mos...
AUTHOR Zhang, Peter
TITLE Characteristics of Coal Bursts in the North Fork Valley of the Gunnison River Valley, Colorado
SUMMARY A coal burst is defined as the sudden, violent ejection of coal or rock into a mine opening. Coal mines in the North Fork Valley (NFV) of Colorado?s Gunnison River have a long history of coal bursts in a wide variety of settings. These have included longwall and room-and-pillar, development and retreat, and single- and multiple-seam mining. In contrast to other coalfields, where bursts are typically associated with strong, massive sandstone and extremely high stress, many bursts in the NFV have ...
AUTHOR Mark, Christopher
TITLE Aspect Ratio and Other Parameters That Affect the Performance of Burrell Can Roof Supports
SUMMARY The Burrell Can1 is a thin, steel, tubular shell filled with aerated concrete that is used as a roof support in coal mines. The Can height is always shorter than the mining entry, so it is capped with wooden timbers and wedges when it is installed. This combination of the Can and the wooden header is a standing support system that is designed to yield in a controlled manner and exhibit a constant yield, or elastic-plastic behavior. The Burrell Can is capable of withstanding 20 in or more of vert...
AUTHOR Gearhart, David F.
TITLE Mitigation of a Massive Sandstone Channel's Impact on a 1,500 Ft Wide Longwall Face
SUMMARY This paper presents the implementation and evaluation of the hydraulic fracturing technique and Longwall Visual Analysis (LVA) software to mitigate the impact of a 1,000-ft (305-meter) widemassive sandstone channel on a 1,500-ft-wide (457-m-wide) longwall face. Based on a underground roof geology reconnaissance program, four frac holes were drilled and fraced along the center axis of the sandstone channel. To further provide detailed monitoring of the longwall face, the Longwall Visual Analysis ...
AUTHOR Su, Daniel W.
TITLE Ultra-Close Multiple-Seam Mining ? Analysis and Verification
SUMMARY This paper presents the results of a detailed geotechnical study on the potential multiple seam interaction between the No. 2 Gas (upper) and the Powellton seams, which are separated by an average interburden of 45 ft. The interburden consists of 4 ft of clay shale below the No. 2 Gas seam, 38 ft of massive sandstone, and 3 ft of shale above the Powellton seam. The No. 2 Gas seam was mined about 60 years ago, and many water-pooled areas were projected to be present. The deepest overburden over t...
AUTHOR Su, Daniel W.
TITLE Mitigating the Effects of High Horizontal Stress on Ground Control in An Underground Stone Mine: A Case History
SUMMARY The nature of a stone deposit is rarely defined through exploration and engineering design, but more through the actual experience encountered as the mine develops; hence, issues with ground control are often at the forefront for a new mine. Ground control problems account for over 15 percent of lost-time injuries in underground stone mines. The objective of this work is to present actions taken during early development of a stone mine to mitigate the obvious effects of high horizontal stress on...
AUTHOR Ellenberger, John
TITLE Comparison of the Performance of Active and Passive Roof Bolts in An Illinois Basin Coal Mine
SUMMARY This paper discusses in situ studies conducted at an Illinois Basin room-and-pillar coal mine to evaluate the performances of three different types of bolts under similar geologic conditions. The bolt types considered were the fully grouted passive rebar (FGPR), the resin-assisted mechanical anchor (RMAB), and the fully grouted tension rebar (FGTR). During the evaluations, the three types of bolts were installed in a single entry covering a span of three contiguous pillars with almost identical ...
AUTHOR Ray, Anil K.
TITLE Relocating Mining?Induced Seismicity at the Trail Mountain Mine
SUMMARY From October 2000 to April 2001 a local array of fourteen seismograph stations was deployed at the Trail Mountain Mine (TMM), an underground coal mine in Emery County, Utah, to locate mining-induced seismicity (MIS). Original analysis of the data provided epicentral locations that coincided closely with the active longwall panel. The original analysis yielded poor quality hypocenters, however, preventing a useful relation from being made between mining activity and the event depths. For the orig...
AUTHOR Boltz, Meagan S.
TITLE Effects of Transverse Isotropy on Vertical Stresses When Multi?Seam Mining under Supercritical Longwall Panels
SUMMARY The design of effective ground support requires a sound understanding of the pre-mining state of stress in the stratum to be mined. Irregularities in the stress field encountered during multiseam mining are governed primarily by the previous mining in the surrounding strata. The aim of this study is to quantify the effects of rock mass transverse isotropy on the vertical stress redistribution in the rock strata beneath supercritical longwall panels. Wilson?s equations for determining the stress ...
AUTHOR Suchowerska, Anastasia M.