Physico-Chemical Properties of Titaniferous Slags

McRae, L. B. ; Pothas, E. ; Jochens, P. R. ; Howat, D. D.
Organization: The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
Pages: 18
Publication Date: Unavailable
SYNOPSIS The phase equilibria, viscosities and sulphur capacities of titaniferous slags were determined in the composition range of CaO = 30 to 0 per cent, MgO = 0 to 30 per cent, SiO2 = 19.69 per cent, AI.O. = 13.12 per cent and TiO2 = 37.19 per cent. The phase equilibria were determined by high temperature microscopy, the viscosities were measured using a rotating outer cylinder viscometer and the sulphur capacities were evaluated from the results obtained by equilibrating the slag in a gas stream of CO, CO2 and SO2. The behaviour of these titaniferous slags under reducing conditions was examined. Possible use of the slags for aggregate, or slag-cement, and the possibility of extracting the TiO2 are discussed. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION PHASE EQUILIBRIA VISCOSITIES DISCUSSION OF THE PHASE EQUILlBRIA AND THE VISCOSITY VALUES EFFECT OF REDUCING CONDITIONS SULPHUR CAPACITY DISCUSSION OF THE SULPHUR CAPACITY VALUES POSSIBLE USES CONCLUSIONS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS REFERENCES INTRODUCTION The latest phase in the exploitation of the mineral wealth of the Bushveld Igneous Complex is the erection of a plant by the Highveld Steel and Vanadium Corporation Limited near Witbank to produce steel and vanadium-rich slag from the titaniferous magnetites occurring in this rock formation. These titaniferous magnetites occur as segregations in the gabbro body and the TiO2 is mainly present within the structure of other constituent minerals but also occurs in smaller amounts as ilmenite and ulvospinel. The vanadium is thought to be present in the iron oxide phase due to isomorphous replacement of the iron. Until very recently, it was feared that the high titania content of these titaniferous magnetites would militate against their value as useful iron ores. However, the design of an integrated plant to produce both steel and vanadium-rich slag, and in which the iron-making process is conducted in submerged arc furnaces instead of in
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