Experimental Injection of Alkaline Lime Slurry for In-Situ Remediation of an Acidic Surface-Mine Aquifer

Donovan, Joseph J. ; Frazier, Jeff ; Ziemkiewicz, Paul F. ; Daly, Matthew ; Black, Courtney ; Werner, Eberhard
Organization: Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration
Pages: 15
Publication Date: Jan 1, 2000
Injection of alkaline waste-lime slurry was performed at a West Virginia surface coal mine site, to attempt neutralization of acid springs by an alkaline recharge method. Deep trenching (>5 m) using an excavator yielded the most effective injection into the aquifer. Water from two springs, 90 m from the deep trench, showed 70%-80% reduction in acidity in response to injection. Neutralization persisted >170 days after treatment, with pH between 5.1-5.7 and metal acidity from 25-60 mg/L. A minor fraction of lime introduced was consumed. The sustained neutralization is attributed to reaction of acid water with subsurface lime, entrained below the wafer table by macropore infiltration. Characteristics of groundwater transport are critical in determining recharge structure location.
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