Sandy Creek Waterfall?Case Study of Successful Management of the Potential Impacts of Longwall Mining on a Sensitive Natural Surface Feature

Hebblewhite, Bruce K.
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 9
Publication Date: Jan 1, 2014
BHP Billiton Illawarra Coal operates Dendrobium Mine in an area 10-20km west-northwest of Wollongong in the Southern Coalfield of New South Wales, Australia. The mine recently completed longwall mining in Area 3A adjacent to an overhanging rock feature known as Sandy Creek Waterfall, which had been identified as a significant, and potentially sensitive natural surface feature of the environment. This waterfall lies within the Sydney drinking water catchment area, in a surface terrain of variable topography where non-conventional subsidence behaviour such as valley closure, and far-field horizontal movements are known to occur, over and above conventional subsidence responses to mining. As a part of the conditions of approval to mine, Illawarra Coal undertook to protect the waterfall and the section of Sandy Creek immediately upstream of the waterfall from the effects of longwall mining using an innovative management process and an array of very high resolution monitoring systems. This paper outlines the type of non-conventional subsidence effects that can occur; the range of different monitoring regimes adopted in response to such effects in order to develop an understanding of the valley closure phenomenon in proximity to the waterfall and provide suitable early warning data. The paper also describes the management processes that were adopted, incorporating the use of these monitoring regimes in order to successfully protect the waterfall from the valley closure effects of mining four adjacent longwall panels in close proximity to the waterfall while continuing to maximise recovery of the coal resource in the area. The management structure adopted involved a technical committee, a steering committee, and an external independent reviewer. The technical committee was responsible for design of the monitoring systems, interpretation of the results, and making timely recommendations to the company steering committee who were then able to make informed decisions on when to cease mining each adjacent panel. The steering committee comprised Illawarra Coal management and technical personnel. Although the steering committee took advice from the technical committee, all decisions relating to mining were made by the steering committee. An external reviewer was engaged by the steering committee at the end of each longwall panel to review the results, interpretation and management decisions. This management structure was effective in successfully protecting the very sensitive structure of Sandy Creek Waterfall from potential impacts of nearby mining in the midst of active ongoing natural erosion processes.
Full Article Download:
(2405 kb)


Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book 33rd International Conference on Ground Control in Mining

Development of the 3D Numerical Modeling of Roof Bolts for S
Development and Application of the TT Anti?Friction Washer f
A Comparison Between ARMPS and the New ARMPS?LAM Programs
Multi?stage Testing Procedures, Verification, and Results fo
The Caterpillar HW300 Quickscan
Underground Mining Technology in Chinese Coal Mines
Rock Characterization Using Time - Series Classification Alg
Ground Control in the Underground Coal Mines of Colombia
Investigating the Contributing Factors to Rib Fatalities Thr
Analyses of De-Confinement Mechanisms of Unstable Failures i
Photogrammetric Monitoring of Rock Mass Behavior in Deep Vei
Development of An Enhanced Methodology for Ground Movement P
Estimating Coal Strength Based on Historical Laboratory Test
Experimental Observations and Interpretations on Fracture Ne
Overburden Failure Characteristics of Extra?Thick Seam Using
FlexKnot: An Innovation in Roof and Rib Surface Control
Learning Our Geotechnical Limits and Pushing Our Longwalls T
Three Dimensional Analysis of Strain and Ground Surface Disp
Use of a Plate Loading Device to Quantitatively Evaluate Wea
Ground Control Design Considerations for Reducing Longwall?I
Mechanics of Horizontal Movements Associated with Coal Mine
Roof Geotechnical Properties for Roof Control Purposes in Il
Update: Analysis and Case Study of Impact?Resistant Steel Se
The Implementation of Rock Mechanics Into a Multiple Level L
A Case Study for Multiple Seam Calibration of LaModel in Bum
A Liquid Settlement System for Measuring Roof Sag During Dev
Ground Response As a Longwall Advances Into a Backfilled Rec
A Case Study of a Low Overburden Longwall Recovery with Pre?
To What Extent the Mechanical Properties of Coal Play Role i
Mine Water Vs. Drinking Water?Technical Execution and Legal
Mitigation of a Massive Sandstone Channel?s Impact on Longwa
Study on the Modified Model of Probability Integra Method
Multi?Seam Mining Over Old Workings with Small Pillars - A C
Development of Mechanized Ground Support Installation Equipm
Understanding and Optimizing the Performance of Passive Prim
Validation of Overburden Failure Zone in Complex Extra Thick
The Impact Factors of Overburden Movement in Longwall Mining
Fiber Reinforced Polymer Rockbolts for Ground Control in a S
Introduction of a Measurement Based Ground Control Managemen
Application of Various Probing Methods for Rock Characteriza
Risk Analysis and Risk Ranking in Tunneling: A Case Study
Development of Road Header Roof Bolting Module
Combined Effects of Rock Bedding Orientation and Topography
Challenges of Room and Pillar Mining at 900 M Depths in the
Sandy Creek Waterfall?Case Study of Successful Management of
Overburden Strata Movement for the Longwall Mining of Shallo
Rock Slope Stability Comparison Between Deterministic and Pr
Stability of a Gateroad Used Simultaneously for Two Retreati
Meeting the Challenges of Floor and Sidewall Strata Control
Strata Control Investigations During Fully Mechanized Coal P
Strata Movement Around Large Mining Height Face Area with Fu
A Case Study of Topography?Related Stress Rotation Effects o
Introduction of a New Superior Coating on Ground Support Pro
Suspension Designs Required in the Logical Framework
A Novel and Effective Method to Develop Tension in a Roof Bo
Time Dependent Mining Induced Subsidence Measured by Differe
Tracking and Tracing in Terms of Transportation Logistics of