Risk Analysis and Risk Ranking in Tunneling: A Case Study

Oraee, Behdeen
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 7
Publication Date: Jan 1, 2014
Constructing tunnels underground is generally described as a high-risk activity because conditions in the surrounding area tend to be unpredictable. This would and can create unique dangers in every situation. It is important to gain a deep understanding of the risks associated with tunneling in order to reduce the likelihood of their occurrence and severity of their consequences should they occur. For this to be achieved, different risks should first be evaluated and ranked according to their relative importance and criticality. The Amir Kabir tunnel is considered one of the most dangerous tunnels in Tehran, Iran, in terms of the risks involved in its excavation and their potential consequences. In particular, part T4 of the tunnel passes through a zone of different strata and also a compound of various soils. This paper studies part T4 of the Amir Kabir tunnel from a risk analysis and risk management point of view. In doing so, factors increasing total cost, causing delay in the project completion time, decreasing the operation rate and downgrading project quality were identified and ranked according to their importance using the aggregate primary index risk method. For this purpose, a comprehensive questionnaire was designed and completed by tunneling experts. By responding to the questionnaires, the experts determined the relative likelihood of occurrence of the studied factors and their potential consequences. As a result, the experts suggested several alternatives to reduce the risks involved in this particular study. Moreover, the experts completed new questionnaires whilst taking into account different alternatives. In the next step, the risks before and after applying the alternatives were compared. As a result of performing the said analyses, it was concluded first that the aggregate primary index risk is an effective tool in identifying the risks involved in such projects. Second, it was concluded that, by taking into account different alternatives when analyzing and ranking the risks, severity of the said risks can potentially be reduced. Also, by considering such matters when analyzing tunneling risks, the projects? efficiency can greatly increase as a result of reducing risks that threaten financial and human resources. The approach introduced in this paper, together with the methodology described, can be adopted by the mining design engineer in all similar situations. They will be of particular advantage in such methods as room and pillar mining, where the number of similar tunnels required is high.
Full Article Download:
(1091 kb)


Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book 33rd International Conference on Ground Control in Mining

Development of the 3D Numerical Modeling of Roof Bolts for S
Development and Application of the TT Anti?Friction Washer f
A Comparison Between ARMPS and the New ARMPS?LAM Programs
Multi?stage Testing Procedures, Verification, and Results fo
The Caterpillar HW300 Quickscan
Underground Mining Technology in Chinese Coal Mines
Rock Characterization Using Time - Series Classification Alg
Ground Control in the Underground Coal Mines of Colombia
Investigating the Contributing Factors to Rib Fatalities Thr
Analyses of De-Confinement Mechanisms of Unstable Failures i
Photogrammetric Monitoring of Rock Mass Behavior in Deep Vei
Development of An Enhanced Methodology for Ground Movement P
Estimating Coal Strength Based on Historical Laboratory Test
Experimental Observations and Interpretations on Fracture Ne
Overburden Failure Characteristics of Extra?Thick Seam Using
FlexKnot: An Innovation in Roof and Rib Surface Control
Learning Our Geotechnical Limits and Pushing Our Longwalls T
Three Dimensional Analysis of Strain and Ground Surface Disp
Use of a Plate Loading Device to Quantitatively Evaluate Wea
Ground Control Design Considerations for Reducing Longwall?I
Mechanics of Horizontal Movements Associated with Coal Mine
Roof Geotechnical Properties for Roof Control Purposes in Il
Update: Analysis and Case Study of Impact?Resistant Steel Se
The Implementation of Rock Mechanics Into a Multiple Level L
A Case Study for Multiple Seam Calibration of LaModel in Bum
A Liquid Settlement System for Measuring Roof Sag During Dev
Ground Response As a Longwall Advances Into a Backfilled Rec
A Case Study of a Low Overburden Longwall Recovery with Pre?
To What Extent the Mechanical Properties of Coal Play Role i
Mine Water Vs. Drinking Water?Technical Execution and Legal
Mitigation of a Massive Sandstone Channel?s Impact on Longwa
Study on the Modified Model of Probability Integra Method
Multi?Seam Mining Over Old Workings with Small Pillars - A C
Development of Mechanized Ground Support Installation Equipm
Understanding and Optimizing the Performance of Passive Prim
Validation of Overburden Failure Zone in Complex Extra Thick
The Impact Factors of Overburden Movement in Longwall Mining
Fiber Reinforced Polymer Rockbolts for Ground Control in a S
Introduction of a Measurement Based Ground Control Managemen
Application of Various Probing Methods for Rock Characteriza
Risk Analysis and Risk Ranking in Tunneling: A Case Study
Development of Road Header Roof Bolting Module
Combined Effects of Rock Bedding Orientation and Topography
Challenges of Room and Pillar Mining at 900 M Depths in the
Sandy Creek Waterfall?Case Study of Successful Management of
Overburden Strata Movement for the Longwall Mining of Shallo
Rock Slope Stability Comparison Between Deterministic and Pr
Stability of a Gateroad Used Simultaneously for Two Retreati
Meeting the Challenges of Floor and Sidewall Strata Control
Strata Control Investigations During Fully Mechanized Coal P
Strata Movement Around Large Mining Height Face Area with Fu
A Case Study of Topography?Related Stress Rotation Effects o
Introduction of a New Superior Coating on Ground Support Pro
Suspension Designs Required in the Logical Framework
A Novel and Effective Method to Develop Tension in a Roof Bo
Time Dependent Mining Induced Subsidence Measured by Differe
Tracking and Tracing in Terms of Transportation Logistics of