Finite Element Analyses And Cofferdam Excavations
Organization: Deep Foundations Institute
Jan 1, 2013
Cofferdam excavations have traditionally been designed with classical design methods that involve direct computations of active or apparent earth pressures. However in contrast to finite element methods, traditional analyses can not account for full soil-structure interaction. Because of their complexity, numerical analyses are performed almost exclusively by computers. Recent theoretical and computer advancements have made the use of the finite element method much more user-friendly and affordable. General information about the basics of the finite element method in geotechnical engineering and for cofferdam excavations is presented. While knowledge of all intricate theoretical and computational details is not needed, the designer should at a minimum be aware of the most important aspects of soil modeling. Most importantly, the designer must have sufficient experience to be able to judge the relative ?correctness? of vast numerical results produced by today?s software programs. Hence, the human factor is an irreplaceable component of finite element computations.