Depth Of Borings, Length Of Piles, Landslides, Erosion, And A Moose Hunt - A Case History Of A Comedy Of Mistakes
Organization: Deep Foundations Institute
Jan 1, 1987
An upgrading and straightening of a highway included building a bridge across a small river. A routine site investigation was initiated to determine the conditions for designing the foundation of the bridge. The proposed bridge was a two-lane highway bridge in one span with a total length of 30 m (100 ft), as indicated in Fig. 1. It was to be placed about 20 m (66 ft) upstreams of the bridge for the existing highway. The site investigation included one boring at each abutment with soil sampling and in-situ vane testing and placed about halfway up the slope from the small river at ground surface elevation + 54 m. Within the investigated maximum depth of 40 m (130 ft), the soils at both borehole locations consisted of a thin clay crust over a thick deposit of soft sensitive clay with a natural water content of about 70 % and a liquid limit of about 60. The undrained shear strength below the crust was about 20 KPa (400 psf) and increased slightly with depth. The sensitivity was high, about 40.