Ground Control of a Mine Stope in Weak Rocks Subjected to High In-situ Stresses - A Case Study

Li, Charlie
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 5
Publication Date: Jan 1, 2005
A cut-and-fill mine stope, located at a depth of about 1000 m in a lead-and-zinc mine, was closed down because of large roof convergence and fractures appearing on the hanging wall. The instability problem was owing to the relatively low strength of the rock subjected to high in-situ stresses. Extra reinforcement was required to secure the stope so that the remaining ores in the stope could be mined. Assessment of the fracture mode in the country rock surrounding the stope was carried out and then the reinforcement de- sign was worked out. It was proposed that the unstable section of the stope would be reinforced by bolt-shotcrete ribs as well as selective long bolts. The philosophy of the design was to hold up the fractured country rock by bolts and shotcrete so that a load-bearing arch could be formed in the roof and in the hanging wall. Six shot- Crete ribs were set up in the unstable section of the stope. Displacement measurements showed that the roof convergence reduced from about 2 &day to the ordinary creeping level, about 0.25 &day, immediately after the reinforcement operation. Six month later, the hanging wall collapsed into the stope in a place just outside the reinforced section, which indirectly proved the effectiveness of the bolt-shotcrete ribs in reinforcing the fractured country rock. This case showed that an appropriate rock mechanics assessment would form a solid base for reinforcement/support design. It also provided an evidence for the philosophy of the reinforcement by bolt-shotcrete ribs - establish a load-bearing arch in the rock.
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