Modeling the Arc-effect of a Coal Mine Roof

Zingano, André C
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 7
Publication Date: Jan 1, 2005
The domino effect in a violent pillar collapse occurs due to the redistribution of stress in the remaining pillars near the collapse, and this stress transfer occurs in the immediate and main roofs. The remaining pillars do not have enough load capacity to support this overstress and also fail, and the domino effect propagates further to the entire panel. The domino effect does not occur only due to low load capacity of the pillars, but also the roof rock mass quality, because the stress is transferred by the roof. In high competent roof without discontinuity (fault), like massive sandstone seam, the deformation of the roof is the cause of pillar collapse extension and propagation. Depending on how close it is approaching the collapse limit; the immediate and main roofs behave differently. When it is close to the collapse limit roof convergence and pillars compression occur. Conversely when it is far from the collapse limit divergence and pillars decompression occur. This is called the arc-effect. This paper studies this behavior of the roof (immediate and main roofs) using numerical modeling to simulate the roof deformation and stress distribution in the roof and pillars. This simulation represents the progression of pillar collapse and shows the zone of convergence and divergence of the roof, and also the effect of this behavior on pillar confinement. Two-dimensional plain strain model was applied to simulate the arc-effect. The simulation results were compared to those of the instrumentation that was installed before the collapse. Keywords: pillar collapse, room and pillar, numerical modeling
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