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|The Ohio Valley Coal Company (Ohio Valley) has operated the Powhatan No. 6 Mine in Belmont County, Ohio since 1972. Ohio University owns a 455-acre research farm over a portion of the Ohio Valley reserve containing 51 acres of old-growth forest known as Dysart Woods. In 1988, when Ohio Valley applied for a new mining area for its first longwall located several miles away from Dysart Woods, Ohio University claimed that mining at that distance would lower the regional water table and kill the old trees. In response, Ohio Valley began to study potential impacts from longwall mining on hydrology, soil moisture, and tree growth. Early studies examined the impacts of longwall mining on hydrology, soil moisture, and tree growth directly over mined areas compared to woodlots that were not undermined. A subsequent study examined tree-ring growth for a five-year period before and after longwall mining for several woodlots, some directly over panels and others at distances of up to 2000 ft away. No significant differences in growth rate associated with longwall mining were observed. New research was begun that compared longwall-mining impacts on groundwater hydrology, available soil moisture, and tree growth in two stands of mature trees located near Dysart Woods in order to confirm the earlier results. Using a test technique known as "Before-and-After-Controlled-Impact-Pairs," data was collected from one woodlot (test) that was undermined and from another (control) that was not undermined. Data collection began several years prior to longwall mining and has continued for several years after mining. The data for the test site shows that although the shallow and deep groundwater levels were affected by longwall mining, the soil moisture, vigor rating, or the growth rate of trees did not decline significantly compared to the control site where there were hydrologic impacts. The study shows that there are no known significant impacts to trees from longwall mining. The results of these studies were used by Ohio Valley to obtain State approval to longwall to within 300 ft of Dysart Woods|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book 24th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 24th
|Keynote Address at the 23rd International Conference on Grou||Analysis and Design of Rib Support (ADRS) a Rib Support Desi||Evaluation of the Impact of Standing Support on Ground Behav||Half a Career Trying to Understand Why the Roof Along the Lo||Forecasting Roof Falls with Monitoring Technologies - A Look||Analysis of Seismic Source Parameters of Roof Falls in Time||A System to Provide Early Warning on Impending Goaf||Outcomes of the Landmark Longwall Automation Project with Re||Application of Phenolic Foam in Longwall Mining||Multiple Seam Mining Interactions: Case Histories from the H||Analysis of Entry Stability Associated with Multi-seam Minin||Failure Mechanics of Multiple Seam Mining Interactions||Engineering Classification of Ultra-close Multiple Seam Roof||Definition of Ultra-close Multiple-seams and its Ground Pres||Depillaring and Roof Bolting Practices at Quinsam Coal Mine||Seam Structure - An Important Criterion for Coal Pillar Desi||Mitigating Longwall Subsidence Effects on a Large Industrial||Impacts of Longwall Mining on Hydrology, Soil Moisture, and||Basics on the Dimensioning and the Extraction of Shaft Safet||Modeling the Arc-effect of a Coal Mine Roof||Recent Advances in Numerical Simulation of Cutter Roof Failu||Test Method for Assessing Water Degradation Potential of Coa||Geotechnical Strata Characterisation Using Geophysical Boreh||A Method for Quantitative Void/Fracture Detection and Estima||Implication of Highly Anisotropic Horizontal Stresses on Ent||Ground Control of a Mine Stope in Weak Rocks Subjected to Hi||Analysis of Highwall Mining Stability - The Effect of Multip||Highwall Mining in a Multiple-seam, Western United States Se||The Slope Stability Assessment in the Wall Overlooking the S||Numerical Modeling as a Tool to Predict Pillar Condition and||Development and Testing of a New Roof Prop||Stability Mapping System||Using Foaming Grout to Stabilize a Ventilation Raise in Very||Roof Control and Roadway Support Design in the #9 Coal Seam,||Non-confirmation Mathematics for Wall Rock Classification fo||The Influence of the First Layer Thickness of Immediate Roof||Studies on Distribution Pattern of and Methane Migration Mec||Development of a New Roof Bolt Technology to Improve Gate- R||Improved Pull out Strength of Fully Grouted Roof Bolts throu||Experimental and Numerical Methodology Assessment of Load Tr||An Investigation into the Support Systems in South African C||Investigation of Fully Grouted Roof Bolts Installed Under In||Development of the Laboratory Short Encapsulation Pull Test||A Resin Quality Testing Procedure for Collieries||Determination of Load Transfer Characteristics of Gloved Res||Fully Grouted Torque Tension Bolts Successfully Support Pitt||Shear Bond Characteristics in Grouted Cable Bolts||Overcoring Techniques to Assess in Situ Corrosion of Galvani||Development of a Laboratory Facility for Testing Shear Perfo||Mechanical Response of Split-Set Rock Bolts in Squeezing Gro||Mechanisms of Rib Sloughing and Methods of Controlling Thick||Supporting Method of the Bolted Strata in Large Deformation||Assessment of Ground Conditions Near a Mine Portal Using Gro||Detection of Abandoned Mines and Air Passages/Burning Center||Detecting Abandoned Coal Mine Entries by High Resolution Ear|