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|Multiple seam mining interactions caused by full extraction mining, whether due to undermining or overmining, frequently involve tensile failure of the affected mine roof. The adverse ground control conditions may prevent mining for both safety and economic reasons. Prior researchers have identified the geometric, geologic and mining factors controlling multiple seam mining interactions. This numerical study examines the mechanics of these interactions using a modeling procedure that 1) incorporates the essential constitutive behavior of the rock such as strain- softening of the intact rock and shear and tensile failure along bedding planes and 2) captures the geologic variability of the rock especially the layering of weak and strong rocks and weak bedding planes. Specifically, the numerical study considered the effect of vertical stress, interburden thickness, and the immediate roof quality of the affected seam in both undermining and overmining situations. The models show that for overburden-to-interburden thickness (OBAB) ratios of less than 5, interactions do not occur, and that for OBAB more than 50, extreme interaction is a certainty. In between, the possibility of an interaction was found to depend on gob width-to-interburden thickness ratio, site specific geology and horizontal stress to rock strength ratio in addition to the OBIIB ratio. The models also showed that horizontal stress was profoundly altered well above or below a full extraction area and that these changes are likely to influence the success or failure of multiple seam mining. The role of horizontal stress in multiple seam mining interactions has received little attention in prior investigations. Four factors control the mechanics of multiple seam mining interactions: 1. vertical stress concentration 2. horizontal stress concentration 3. stress re-direction 4. bedding plane slip bands A combination of vertical and horizontal stress increase and high stress gradients in the vicinity of full extraction areas re-orients principal stresses into a very unfavorable direction. This seemingly small stress re-orientation has a profound adverse effect on bedded rock.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book 24th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 24th
|Keynote Address at the 23rd International Conference on Grou||Analysis and Design of Rib Support (ADRS) a Rib Support Desi||Evaluation of the Impact of Standing Support on Ground Behav||Half a Career Trying to Understand Why the Roof Along the Lo||Forecasting Roof Falls with Monitoring Technologies - A Look||Analysis of Seismic Source Parameters of Roof Falls in Time||A System to Provide Early Warning on Impending Goaf||Outcomes of the Landmark Longwall Automation Project with Re||Application of Phenolic Foam in Longwall Mining||Multiple Seam Mining Interactions: Case Histories from the H||Analysis of Entry Stability Associated with Multi-seam Minin||Failure Mechanics of Multiple Seam Mining Interactions||Engineering Classification of Ultra-close Multiple Seam Roof||Definition of Ultra-close Multiple-seams and its Ground Pres||Depillaring and Roof Bolting Practices at Quinsam Coal Mine||Seam Structure - An Important Criterion for Coal Pillar Desi||Mitigating Longwall Subsidence Effects on a Large Industrial||Impacts of Longwall Mining on Hydrology, Soil Moisture, and||Basics on the Dimensioning and the Extraction of Shaft Safet||Modeling the Arc-effect of a Coal Mine Roof||Recent Advances in Numerical Simulation of Cutter Roof Failu||Test Method for Assessing Water Degradation Potential of Coa||Geotechnical Strata Characterisation Using Geophysical Boreh||A Method for Quantitative Void/Fracture Detection and Estima||Implication of Highly Anisotropic Horizontal Stresses on Ent||Ground Control of a Mine Stope in Weak Rocks Subjected to Hi||Analysis of Highwall Mining Stability - The Effect of Multip||Highwall Mining in a Multiple-seam, Western United States Se||The Slope Stability Assessment in the Wall Overlooking the S||Numerical Modeling as a Tool to Predict Pillar Condition and||Development and Testing of a New Roof Prop||Stability Mapping System||Using Foaming Grout to Stabilize a Ventilation Raise in Very||Roof Control and Roadway Support Design in the #9 Coal Seam,||Non-confirmation Mathematics for Wall Rock Classification fo||The Influence of the First Layer Thickness of Immediate Roof||Studies on Distribution Pattern of and Methane Migration Mec||Development of a New Roof Bolt Technology to Improve Gate- R||Improved Pull out Strength of Fully Grouted Roof Bolts throu||Experimental and Numerical Methodology Assessment of Load Tr||An Investigation into the Support Systems in South African C||Investigation of Fully Grouted Roof Bolts Installed Under In||Development of the Laboratory Short Encapsulation Pull Test||A Resin Quality Testing Procedure for Collieries||Determination of Load Transfer Characteristics of Gloved Res||Fully Grouted Torque Tension Bolts Successfully Support Pitt||Shear Bond Characteristics in Grouted Cable Bolts||Overcoring Techniques to Assess in Situ Corrosion of Galvani||Development of a Laboratory Facility for Testing Shear Perfo||Mechanical Response of Split-Set Rock Bolts in Squeezing Gro||Mechanisms of Rib Sloughing and Methods of Controlling Thick||Supporting Method of the Bolted Strata in Large Deformation||Assessment of Ground Conditions Near a Mine Portal Using Gro||Detection of Abandoned Mines and Air Passages/Burning Center||Detecting Abandoned Coal Mine Entries by High Resolution Ear|