Analysis of Entry Stability Associated with Multi-seam Mining - A Case Study

Han, Jisheng
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 6
Publication Date: Jan 1, 2005
Interaction effect exists when two or more neighboring seams are mined. The mining activity in one seam causes stress redistribution and strata movement in both the roof and floor. When the thickness of interburden between two neighboring seams is small, some hazardous situations like roof cutters, roof falls, floor heave and rib spalling in one seam may be encountered due to the effect of the mining activity in the other seam. An investigation about roof cutters, roof falls and floor heave was conducted in a West Virginia mine to study the interaction of multi-seam mining. The mine is mining the Sewickley Seam, which is about 90 ft above the Pittsburgh Seam which was mined in the 1960's using room and pillar method. The roof falls and other stability anomalies of entries observed underground in the Sewickley Seam were found closely related to the location of barrier pillars and gas well pillars left in the Pittsburgh Seam. Then numerical modeling was carried out to check the interaction between these two seams of mining. It was found through the modeling results that in the areas where pillaring operation was conducted in the Pittsburgh Seam, the stress concentrated less in the Sewickley Seam while near the edge of the gas well pillars and barrier pillars, high stress concentration was observed. It was concluded that under the geological conditions of the study mine, the entries stability would be affected by the lower seam mining activity, especially above or around the edges of pillars.
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