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|This paper summarises the results of a research project whose goal was to provide the Australian coal industry with a rib support design methodology and software tool that could be utilised by suitably qualified colliery staff. The project was primarily funded by Australian Coal Association Research Program (ACARP) and further supported by several Australian longwall operations. The outcome of the project is a design methodology and software tool called, Analysis and Design of Rib Support (ADRS). ADRS is an empirical technique, which recognises that several geotechnical and design factors affect ribline performance and in addition that operational and safety issues essentially dictate the level of performance required. Therefore, the design recommendations associated with ADRS are specific to the Australian coal industry; however the procedure(s) for data collection and analysis could be applied to other countries' 'underground coal industries. Case history data were compiled from 34 longwall and two bond and pillar operations resulting in 204 case histories with each case history data set being defined by approximately 130 individual data fields. In addition monitoring (incorporating stress cells and extensometers) was undertaken at 10 collieries to assess and quantify the effectiveness of different rib support patterns and hardware on rib performance. The monitoring sites allowed for an improved understanding of the mechanisms of rib failure and degradation in terms of its interaction with the installed support and at the various stages of the mining cycle. The design methodology deals with both mains development and gateroad development specific to Australian longwall mines. This paper focuses on longwall gateroads subjected to abutment loading and in particular the travel road which becomes the tailgate of the subsequent panel. The statistical analyses associated with these cases suggested that the level of rib support should be based primarily on the development height and the pillar stress level. The ADRS software guides users through the design process, allowing them to develop rib support plans based on sound science and a broad base of in-mine experience. To the best of the authors' knowledge ADRS is the first systematic rib support design technique to be developed for any country's underground coal industry. The development and use of empirical models in mining have substantially contributed to improving safety and productivity. ADRS further demonstrates that empirical techniques are particularly relevant and beneficial in dealing with the complexities of geotechnical design associated with underground coal mining.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book 24th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 24th
|Keynote Address at the 23rd International Conference on Grou||Analysis and Design of Rib Support (ADRS) a Rib Support Desi||Evaluation of the Impact of Standing Support on Ground Behav||Half a Career Trying to Understand Why the Roof Along the Lo||Forecasting Roof Falls with Monitoring Technologies - A Look||Analysis of Seismic Source Parameters of Roof Falls in Time||A System to Provide Early Warning on Impending Goaf||Outcomes of the Landmark Longwall Automation Project with Re||Application of Phenolic Foam in Longwall Mining||Multiple Seam Mining Interactions: Case Histories from the H||Analysis of Entry Stability Associated with Multi-seam Minin||Failure Mechanics of Multiple Seam Mining Interactions||Engineering Classification of Ultra-close Multiple Seam Roof||Definition of Ultra-close Multiple-seams and its Ground Pres||Depillaring and Roof Bolting Practices at Quinsam Coal Mine||Seam Structure - An Important Criterion for Coal Pillar Desi||Mitigating Longwall Subsidence Effects on a Large Industrial||Impacts of Longwall Mining on Hydrology, Soil Moisture, and||Basics on the Dimensioning and the Extraction of Shaft Safet||Modeling the Arc-effect of a Coal Mine Roof||Recent Advances in Numerical Simulation of Cutter Roof Failu||Test Method for Assessing Water Degradation Potential of Coa||Geotechnical Strata Characterisation Using Geophysical Boreh||A Method for Quantitative Void/Fracture Detection and Estima||Implication of Highly Anisotropic Horizontal Stresses on Ent||Ground Control of a Mine Stope in Weak Rocks Subjected to Hi||Analysis of Highwall Mining Stability - The Effect of Multip||Highwall Mining in a Multiple-seam, Western United States Se||The Slope Stability Assessment in the Wall Overlooking the S||Numerical Modeling as a Tool to Predict Pillar Condition and||Development and Testing of a New Roof Prop||Stability Mapping System||Using Foaming Grout to Stabilize a Ventilation Raise in Very||Roof Control and Roadway Support Design in the #9 Coal Seam,||Non-confirmation Mathematics for Wall Rock Classification fo||The Influence of the First Layer Thickness of Immediate Roof||Studies on Distribution Pattern of and Methane Migration Mec||Development of a New Roof Bolt Technology to Improve Gate- R||Improved Pull out Strength of Fully Grouted Roof Bolts throu||Experimental and Numerical Methodology Assessment of Load Tr||An Investigation into the Support Systems in South African C||Investigation of Fully Grouted Roof Bolts Installed Under In||Development of the Laboratory Short Encapsulation Pull Test||A Resin Quality Testing Procedure for Collieries||Determination of Load Transfer Characteristics of Gloved Res||Fully Grouted Torque Tension Bolts Successfully Support Pitt||Shear Bond Characteristics in Grouted Cable Bolts||Overcoring Techniques to Assess in Situ Corrosion of Galvani||Development of a Laboratory Facility for Testing Shear Perfo||Mechanical Response of Split-Set Rock Bolts in Squeezing Gro||Mechanisms of Rib Sloughing and Methods of Controlling Thick||Supporting Method of the Bolted Strata in Large Deformation||Assessment of Ground Conditions Near a Mine Portal Using Gro||Detection of Abandoned Mines and Air Passages/Burning Center||Detecting Abandoned Coal Mine Entries by High Resolution Ear|