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|Mine planning for a new reserve is based on information obtained from exploratory coreholes. A critical component of an exploration program is the geotechnical evaluation. Poor assumptions about roof conditions greatly add to the risks of mining. Rock mechanics testing is central to a geotechnical exploration program. Typically, 3 to 5 uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) tests are made to characterize a particular roof unit at a given corehole. The average (mean) of these tests is taken as "The UCS" for that location. Isopach contour maps are then used to show spatial trends in roof strength. Two issues are raised by this traditional approach. The first is due to the large variability in UCS values that is typical even within a single unit from a single hole. The average UCS might be higher at Corehole A than it is at Corehole B, but the difference may not be statistically significant. The second issue is whether widely spaced coreholes can identify valid spatial trends in rock strength. The answer depends upon whether rock strength changes over distances that are longer or shorter than the corehole spacing. This is a classical geostatistical problem. While geostatics have been used to investigate many coal quality parameters, they have seldom been used to evaluate rock strength. This paper describes an extensive investigation of these issues conducted by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) in collaboration with Peabody Energy. The study employed the Peabody Rock Mechanics Data Base which contains more than 10,000 individual test results. Data from four important roof units were subjected to statistical analysis: ? Brereton Limestone above the Herrin 6 seam (Illinois) ? Turner Mine Shale above the No. 9 Seam (Kentucky) ? Sandstone above the Eagle Coal (West Virginia) ? Shale above the Eagle Coal (West Virginia) The study did not find significant spatial trends in rock strength in any of the cases. Perhaps there are none, or perhaps the exploration coreholes were just too far apart to see them. These results have valuable implications for the design of geotechnical exploration programs.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book 23rd International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 23rd
|Geomechanical Criteria of Longwall Face Support Selection at||Rock Fracture, Caving and Interaction of Face Supports Under||Effect of the Approaching Longwall Faces on Barrier and Entr||Computer Simulation of Ground Behaviour and Rock Bolt Intera||lnterpanel Barriers for Deep Western U.S. Longwall Mining||Application of Yieldable and Cuttable Pump Crib in Longwall||Field Testing of a Real Time Roof Mapping Drilling Display S||Problems in "Void" Detection in Coal Mine Water Hazards||Violent Coal Pillar Collapse -A Case Study||Stooping Low Safety Factor Pillars at Goedehoop Colliery - 1||Laboratory Strength Testing of Coal from Selected Illinois S||Downhole Overcoring Stress Measurement at a Western Undergro||Effect of In Situ Stresses on the Stability of Coal Mine Dev||SOMA: A New Method to Calculate the Operative Stress Field:||Numerical Modeling for Increased Understanding of the Behavi||Evaluation of Rockburst Hazard from Core Testing||Investigation of Electromagnetic Emissions in a Deep Undergr||Development and Application of Geotechnical and Rockmechanic||Laboratory Testing of Rib Straps||The New Two-Dimension LaModel Program||Risk Assessment: Multiseam - Single Seam Mining||A Method To Determine Expander Spacing For Steel Pipelines I||A Case Study Of Abandoned Mine Subsidence At Dominion, Nova||Spatial Trends In Rock Strength - Can They Be Determined Fro||Development And Demonstration Of An Alternate Mining Geometr||Evaluation Of Polyurethane Injection For Beltway Roof Stabil||Application Of Ground Penetrating Radar To Evaluate The Exte||A Risk Assessment Tool For Open Cast Mining In South Africa||Analysis Of Practical Ground Control Issues In Highwall Mini||Preventing Falls Of Ground In Coal Mines With Exceptionally||Geo-Mechanical Property And Failures Of Weak Roof Shales In||Eclipse System Bolting In The Illinois Basin||Variation In The Load Transfer Of Fully Encapsulated Rockbol||Bolt Load Changes During Initial Face Advance And Cross-Cut||Coal Mine Primary Support Selection: Tension Versus Non Tens||Improving Stope Support At Modikwa Platinum Mine||3D FEM Simulation For Fully Grouted Bolts||An Investigation Into The Effectiveness Of Support Systems C||Hydraulic Prestressing Units: An Innovation In Roof Support||Improving Roof Truss Performance||Coal Combustion Byproducts-Based Artificial Mine Supports -||The Influence Of Horizontal Stress On Pillar Design And Mine||Investigation Of Pillar-Roof Contact Failure In Northern App||Mapping Hazards With Microseismic Technology To Anticipate R||Practical Detection Of Underground Mine Roof Failure||Heat-Imaging Experimental Study Of Reducing Local Gas Accumu||Microcirculation Theory Analysis Of Spontaneous Combustion O|