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|The bulk of primary mining at the Anglo Coal's Bank Colliery was carried out by drill and blast method, in a bord and pillar layout exploiting the No. 2 Seam. Secondary extraction, top/bottom coaling, also took place using both the drill and blast (D&B) method and continuous miners (CM). Extensive mining in this seam resulted in the risk of sterilising the No. 4 Seam reserves. Therefore, multiseam design guidelines established by Salamon and Oravecz (8) were re-evaluated in light of the low safety factors and the low pillar width to mining height ratios of pillars in the No. 2 Seam. Two and three dimensional (2D & 3D) numerical modelling was carried out to quantify and verify the parameters that influence the multiseam mining. The modelling was conducted primarily in two dimensions (plane strain), with 3D models to confirm the validity of the 2D results. A panel risk assessment flow chart was developed to assess the panels with respect to pillar failure and multiseam mining. This flow chart was extended into the evaluation of risk of surface subsidence using the current rock engineering knowledge. The aim of this risk assessment tool is to assess all underground workings at Anglo Coal collieries simply and rapidly. The identification of high-risk areas would warrant further investigation and possible backfilling to reduce the risk of pillar failures ensuring that reserves in the No. 4 and 5 Seams above are intact.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book 23rd International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 23rd
|Geomechanical Criteria of Longwall Face Support Selection at||Rock Fracture, Caving and Interaction of Face Supports Under||Effect of the Approaching Longwall Faces on Barrier and Entr||Computer Simulation of Ground Behaviour and Rock Bolt Intera||lnterpanel Barriers for Deep Western U.S. Longwall Mining||Application of Yieldable and Cuttable Pump Crib in Longwall||Field Testing of a Real Time Roof Mapping Drilling Display S||Problems in "Void" Detection in Coal Mine Water Hazards||Violent Coal Pillar Collapse -A Case Study||Stooping Low Safety Factor Pillars at Goedehoop Colliery - 1||Laboratory Strength Testing of Coal from Selected Illinois S||Downhole Overcoring Stress Measurement at a Western Undergro||Effect of In Situ Stresses on the Stability of Coal Mine Dev||SOMA: A New Method to Calculate the Operative Stress Field:||Numerical Modeling for Increased Understanding of the Behavi||Evaluation of Rockburst Hazard from Core Testing||Investigation of Electromagnetic Emissions in a Deep Undergr||Development and Application of Geotechnical and Rockmechanic||Laboratory Testing of Rib Straps||The New Two-Dimension LaModel Program||Risk Assessment: Multiseam - Single Seam Mining||A Method To Determine Expander Spacing For Steel Pipelines I||A Case Study Of Abandoned Mine Subsidence At Dominion, Nova||Spatial Trends In Rock Strength - Can They Be Determined Fro||Development And Demonstration Of An Alternate Mining Geometr||Evaluation Of Polyurethane Injection For Beltway Roof Stabil||Application Of Ground Penetrating Radar To Evaluate The Exte||A Risk Assessment Tool For Open Cast Mining In South Africa||Analysis Of Practical Ground Control Issues In Highwall Mini||Preventing Falls Of Ground In Coal Mines With Exceptionally||Geo-Mechanical Property And Failures Of Weak Roof Shales In||Eclipse System Bolting In The Illinois Basin||Variation In The Load Transfer Of Fully Encapsulated Rockbol||Bolt Load Changes During Initial Face Advance And Cross-Cut||Coal Mine Primary Support Selection: Tension Versus Non Tens||Improving Stope Support At Modikwa Platinum Mine||3D FEM Simulation For Fully Grouted Bolts||An Investigation Into The Effectiveness Of Support Systems C||Hydraulic Prestressing Units: An Innovation In Roof Support||Improving Roof Truss Performance||Coal Combustion Byproducts-Based Artificial Mine Supports -||The Influence Of Horizontal Stress On Pillar Design And Mine||Investigation Of Pillar-Roof Contact Failure In Northern App||Mapping Hazards With Microseismic Technology To Anticipate R||Practical Detection Of Underground Mine Roof Failure||Heat-Imaging Experimental Study Of Reducing Local Gas Accumu||Microcirculation Theory Analysis Of Spontaneous Combustion O|