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|Rib failure is a hazard that has resulted in many injuries and fatalities in underground coal mines, especially in soft coal seams. Conventional rib control methods including rib boarding, shotcreting. steel meshing and geogridding, are fairly expensive and time consuming to install. Some methods, such as rib boarding, have met with marginal success at controlling rib failure. Under this research, the Rib Strap System (RSS) introduced by Dr. Chugh in 1999, was modified and new components were added. Both bench scale and full size prototypes were tested in the labs at SIUC to determine the best materials for fabrication and easier methods for assembly and installation. This laboratory research has developed new methods of securing the strap ends to smaller rib hoards, a new device to post-tension two straps together, and a technique for replacing straps without having to drill new rib bolts or for retrofitting straps to rib hoards that are already in place. The method used to secure the strap end to rib boards developed during bench-scale testing was dubbed the wrapped staple technique. It is very simple, requiring only 10-15 staples, with the end of a strap secured to a rib board in about 45 seconds. Several different prototype designs for a new device to join the strap ends together and tension the strap were fabricated and tested in the labs at SIUC. The device, dubbed the rib strap buckle, was very easy to install and held the straps firmly. One specific buckle design worked extremely well during testing and exceeded all expectations. The laboratory research also developed a method of replacing a damaged rib strap that can also be used to add rib straps to existing rib boards. The technique uses nails, spacer blocks, and band clamps to secure the new board and strap. This technique was developed to allow one person to replace a strap using only a hammer and screwdriver, negating the need to drill and install a new rib bolt using mine equipment such as a roof bolter or scoop. In addition to the technical feasibility, the cost of materials for the rib strap system was compared to the rib boarding method currently being used at a mine in the Illinois Basin. The mine is using 20 rib boards on each pillar at cost of about $223.60. The costs for the rib strap system depend on the materials chosen for fabrication but for the base case, were about $97 per pillar.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book 23rd International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 23rd
|Geomechanical Criteria of Longwall Face Support Selection at||Rock Fracture, Caving and Interaction of Face Supports Under||Effect of the Approaching Longwall Faces on Barrier and Entr||Computer Simulation of Ground Behaviour and Rock Bolt Intera||lnterpanel Barriers for Deep Western U.S. Longwall Mining||Application of Yieldable and Cuttable Pump Crib in Longwall||Field Testing of a Real Time Roof Mapping Drilling Display S||Problems in "Void" Detection in Coal Mine Water Hazards||Violent Coal Pillar Collapse -A Case Study||Stooping Low Safety Factor Pillars at Goedehoop Colliery - 1||Laboratory Strength Testing of Coal from Selected Illinois S||Downhole Overcoring Stress Measurement at a Western Undergro||Effect of In Situ Stresses on the Stability of Coal Mine Dev||SOMA: A New Method to Calculate the Operative Stress Field:||Numerical Modeling for Increased Understanding of the Behavi||Evaluation of Rockburst Hazard from Core Testing||Investigation of Electromagnetic Emissions in a Deep Undergr||Development and Application of Geotechnical and Rockmechanic||Laboratory Testing of Rib Straps||The New Two-Dimension LaModel Program||Risk Assessment: Multiseam - Single Seam Mining||A Method To Determine Expander Spacing For Steel Pipelines I||A Case Study Of Abandoned Mine Subsidence At Dominion, Nova||Spatial Trends In Rock Strength - Can They Be Determined Fro||Development And Demonstration Of An Alternate Mining Geometr||Evaluation Of Polyurethane Injection For Beltway Roof Stabil||Application Of Ground Penetrating Radar To Evaluate The Exte||A Risk Assessment Tool For Open Cast Mining In South Africa||Analysis Of Practical Ground Control Issues In Highwall Mini||Preventing Falls Of Ground In Coal Mines With Exceptionally||Geo-Mechanical Property And Failures Of Weak Roof Shales In||Eclipse System Bolting In The Illinois Basin||Variation In The Load Transfer Of Fully Encapsulated Rockbol||Bolt Load Changes During Initial Face Advance And Cross-Cut||Coal Mine Primary Support Selection: Tension Versus Non Tens||Improving Stope Support At Modikwa Platinum Mine||3D FEM Simulation For Fully Grouted Bolts||An Investigation Into The Effectiveness Of Support Systems C||Hydraulic Prestressing Units: An Innovation In Roof Support||Improving Roof Truss Performance||Coal Combustion Byproducts-Based Artificial Mine Supports -||The Influence Of Horizontal Stress On Pillar Design And Mine||Investigation Of Pillar-Roof Contact Failure In Northern App||Mapping Hazards With Microseismic Technology To Anticipate R||Practical Detection Of Underground Mine Roof Failure||Heat-Imaging Experimental Study Of Reducing Local Gas Accumu||Microcirculation Theory Analysis Of Spontaneous Combustion O|