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|Western U.S. longwall operators face increasing challenges with optimizing ground control and productivity as mines reach greater depths and coal bursting hazards increase. Some western U.S. mines, many known to be bump-prone, achieved a successful balance between ground control and productivity by transitioning to side-by-side longwall panel mining combined with a yield pillar gateroad system. With this design, development footages could be minimized and pillar bumping averted by controlled yielding at moderate depths, generally in the range of 450 to 600 m. Over the past four decades, the yield pillar system has won wide acceptance among western mines facing pillar bursting hazards, particularly those in the Wasatch Plateau and Book Cliff coal fields of central Utah. However, recent attempts among the deepest Utah operators to mine side¬by-side panels with yield pillars at depths in excess of 600 m have been met with mixed success and, in some circumstances, with serious difficulty. Challenges include violent face bursting and excessive tailgate convergence outby the face, which can be crippling to ventilation. The use of interpanel barriers, i.e., barriers left between longwall panels, offers one possible solution to mining under deep cover with bump-prone geology. Interpanel barriers have already been adopted by Utah's deepest longwall mine, and others are considering their use. The geomechanical implications of mining with and without interpanel barriers, and the competing tradeoffs between ground control and ventilation are discussed.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book 23rd International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 23rd
|Geomechanical Criteria of Longwall Face Support Selection at||Rock Fracture, Caving and Interaction of Face Supports Under||Effect of the Approaching Longwall Faces on Barrier and Entr||Computer Simulation of Ground Behaviour and Rock Bolt Intera||lnterpanel Barriers for Deep Western U.S. Longwall Mining||Application of Yieldable and Cuttable Pump Crib in Longwall||Field Testing of a Real Time Roof Mapping Drilling Display S||Problems in "Void" Detection in Coal Mine Water Hazards||Violent Coal Pillar Collapse -A Case Study||Stooping Low Safety Factor Pillars at Goedehoop Colliery - 1||Laboratory Strength Testing of Coal from Selected Illinois S||Downhole Overcoring Stress Measurement at a Western Undergro||Effect of In Situ Stresses on the Stability of Coal Mine Dev||SOMA: A New Method to Calculate the Operative Stress Field:||Numerical Modeling for Increased Understanding of the Behavi||Evaluation of Rockburst Hazard from Core Testing||Investigation of Electromagnetic Emissions in a Deep Undergr||Development and Application of Geotechnical and Rockmechanic||Laboratory Testing of Rib Straps||The New Two-Dimension LaModel Program||Risk Assessment: Multiseam - Single Seam Mining||A Method To Determine Expander Spacing For Steel Pipelines I||A Case Study Of Abandoned Mine Subsidence At Dominion, Nova||Spatial Trends In Rock Strength - Can They Be Determined Fro||Development And Demonstration Of An Alternate Mining Geometr||Evaluation Of Polyurethane Injection For Beltway Roof Stabil||Application Of Ground Penetrating Radar To Evaluate The Exte||A Risk Assessment Tool For Open Cast Mining In South Africa||Analysis Of Practical Ground Control Issues In Highwall Mini||Preventing Falls Of Ground In Coal Mines With Exceptionally||Geo-Mechanical Property And Failures Of Weak Roof Shales In||Eclipse System Bolting In The Illinois Basin||Variation In The Load Transfer Of Fully Encapsulated Rockbol||Bolt Load Changes During Initial Face Advance And Cross-Cut||Coal Mine Primary Support Selection: Tension Versus Non Tens||Improving Stope Support At Modikwa Platinum Mine||3D FEM Simulation For Fully Grouted Bolts||An Investigation Into The Effectiveness Of Support Systems C||Hydraulic Prestressing Units: An Innovation In Roof Support||Improving Roof Truss Performance||Coal Combustion Byproducts-Based Artificial Mine Supports -||The Influence Of Horizontal Stress On Pillar Design And Mine||Investigation Of Pillar-Roof Contact Failure In Northern App||Mapping Hazards With Microseismic Technology To Anticipate R||Practical Detection Of Underground Mine Roof Failure||Heat-Imaging Experimental Study Of Reducing Local Gas Accumu||Microcirculation Theory Analysis Of Spontaneous Combustion O|