If you have access to OneMine as part of a member benefit, log in through your member association website for a seamless user experience.
|A longwall coal mine in Appalachia about 1,500 ft deep encountered a fault while developing a new longwall panel. The fault extended from mining depth to the surface near a secondary road and drainage. The fault was located inside the anticipated angle of draw within the mined panel and gob. The fault extended vertically out and up, away from the panel, caved zone, and gob at nearly the angle of draw: the fault very nearly following the angle of draw. It was initially thought that "fault reactivation" could possibly occur. Fault reactivation is the phenomenon of having mining subsidence localized along a fault leading to a "reactivation" of the fault and shearing and displacement along the fault. Such fault reactivation would disrupt and deform the fault plane beyond the normal angle of influence of the subsidence trough, and may provide a conduit for any ground and surface waters to reach the mine. We contacted all operators of longwall mines in Appalachia to determine if any Appalachian longwall mines had ever experienced fault reactivation, and teamed that none had experienced the phenomenon. After studies of possible water intrusion quantities and rates based upon in-fault pump tests, which indicated that water intrusion rates should be manageable, and the prior experience that faults in this particular area were usually barriers to water flow, mining proceeded with caution and monitoring. Mining was successful with no noticeable increase in water inflow rates, and no measurable off-setting of the fault exposure on the surface. It can be concluded that the fault did not reactivate due to its relationship to the mining sequence.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book 22nd International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 22nd
|Pillar Design and Roof Support for Controlling Longwall Head||Stress Analysis and Support Design for Longwall Mine-Through||The Utilisation of Numerical Modelling to Predict Water and||Longwall Roof Fall Prediction and Shield Support Recommendat||Comparison Of Multiple And Single Entry Roadways For Highly||Numerical Modeling Of Longwalls In Deep Coal Mines||The Characteristics Of Mining-Induced Fractures In Overlying||Design And Experience Of Total Extraction Room And Pillar Op||Using Site Case Histories Of Multiple Seam Coal Mining To Ad||Mining Method For Extracting An Eight Metre Coal Horizon Con||Stooping Low Safety Factor Pillars At Goedehoop Colliery||Modelling Of Pillar Stability In Room And Pillar Mines||Pillar Optimization For Initial Design And Retreat Recovery||Application Of RMT's Remote Reading Telltale System To||Rock Mechanics Study Of Lateral Destressing For The Advance-||New Tools For Roof Support Evaluation And Design||Considerations For Using Roof Monitors In Underground Limest||Mine Roof Geology Information System (MRGIS)||Imaging Ahead Of Mining With Radio Imaging Method (RIM-IV) I||Geophysics For The Detection Of Abandoned Mine Workings||Investigation Of Seam Thickness And Seam Splitting Within A||Determination Of Rock Strength Properties Using Geophysical||RQD from the Barrel to the Box: Weatherability May be a Bett||A probabilistic approach to ground support design in undergr||The Requirements of a Database to Store Geotechnical Data to||Variation of Horizontal Stresses and Strains in Mines in Bed||Geotechnical Planning Basis for the Optimization of Workings||Tensile roof failure arising from horizontal compressive str||Study of load transfer capacity of bolts using short encapsu||Intersection Stability and Tensioned Bolting||Premature Rock Bolt Failure Through Stress Corrosion Crackin||Short-encapsulation Pull Tests for Roof Bolt Evaluation at a||Field Test with Strain-gauged Friction Bolts at the Gold Hun||Directional Rock Bolt Pullout Tests as Index Tests for Estim||Eclipse Bolting System||The Application of Pre-tensioned Grouted Tendons at Harworth||Investigation into the Extent and Mechanisms of Gloving and||Developments in Improving the Standard of Installation and B||Development of Geotechnical Procedures for the Analysis of M||Recent Developments in the Use of Seismic Tomography in Long||Pumpable Roof Supports: Developing Design Criteria by Measur||Design Considerations of the Secondary Roof Support for Long||The Effect of Standing Support Stiffness on Primary and Seco||Numerical Modeling of the U1A Complex at the Nevada Test Sit||Rock Mechanics and the Analysis of Underground Mine Stabilit||A Study of Potential Fault Reactivation and Water Intrusion||The Elimination of Rock-fall Fatalities in Ontario Hardrock||Root Causes of Groundfall Related Incidents in U.S. Mining I||Analysis on the Dynamics of Mining Subsidence in Range of a||Mitigating Subsidence Influences on Residential Structures C||Influences of Longwall Subsidence on a Guyed Steel Tower - A||Surface Movement of Super-wide Longwall Panels Using Top-coa||New Approach to Evaluate the Stability of Yield Pillars||Experimental Study of Acoustic Emission Characteristics for|