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|Coal refuse impoundments and underground mines are frequently sited in close vertical and horizontal proximity in the valleys of the Southern Appalachian coalfield. The steep V-shaped valleys provide the volume necessary for slurry storage against a coarse refuse embankment that is constructed across the valley mouth. The presence of coal outcrops on the valley walls provides economic access to mineable coal seams that may be located under several thousand feet of overburden beneath the adjacent ridges. In some instances where the underground mine precedes the slurry impoundment, the type of mining (partial or complete extraction) and pillar centers were selected without consideration for the potential future use of the valley as an impounding structure. The high standard established for the design and stability analysis of the coarse refuse embankments is clearly illustrated by the absence of an embankment failure in the thirty-one years since Buffalo Creek. However, the recent Martin County slurry spill focused attention on a thorough geotechnical analysis to prevent a connection between the flowable slurry and the mine void. The overburden, roof, pillar, floor, and outcrop barrier stability are examined to quantify the break through potential. The strength and physical properties of the consolidated fine refuse are also important since this material is often the most well-defined and quantifiable barrier separating the slurry and mine void. Because each site is unique, the appropriate analysis ranges from the calculation of roof, pillar, and floor safety factors to detailed numerical modeling of the mine workings and the determination of ground deformation and strains resulting from mine subsidence. The method of refuse disposal may be altered to slurry cells where the accuracy of the mine maps, extent of mining, type of mining (development or retreat) cannot be reliably verified or the break through analysis does not produce an acceptable level of risk. Case histories from the Southern Appalachian coalfield are used to illustrate the application of methodologies to quantify the break through potential of coal refuse impoundments.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book 22nd International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 22nd
|Pillar Design and Roof Support for Controlling Longwall Head||Stress Analysis and Support Design for Longwall Mine-Through||The Utilisation of Numerical Modelling to Predict Water and||Longwall Roof Fall Prediction and Shield Support Recommendat||Comparison Of Multiple And Single Entry Roadways For Highly||Numerical Modeling Of Longwalls In Deep Coal Mines||The Characteristics Of Mining-Induced Fractures In Overlying||Design And Experience Of Total Extraction Room And Pillar Op||Using Site Case Histories Of Multiple Seam Coal Mining To Ad||Mining Method For Extracting An Eight Metre Coal Horizon Con||Stooping Low Safety Factor Pillars At Goedehoop Colliery||Modelling Of Pillar Stability In Room And Pillar Mines||Pillar Optimization For Initial Design And Retreat Recovery||Application Of RMT's Remote Reading Telltale System To||Rock Mechanics Study Of Lateral Destressing For The Advance-||New Tools For Roof Support Evaluation And Design||Considerations For Using Roof Monitors In Underground Limest||Mine Roof Geology Information System (MRGIS)||Imaging Ahead Of Mining With Radio Imaging Method (RIM-IV) I||Geophysics For The Detection Of Abandoned Mine Workings||Investigation Of Seam Thickness And Seam Splitting Within A||Determination Of Rock Strength Properties Using Geophysical||RQD from the Barrel to the Box: Weatherability May be a Bett||A probabilistic approach to ground support design in undergr||The Requirements of a Database to Store Geotechnical Data to||Variation of Horizontal Stresses and Strains in Mines in Bed||Geotechnical Planning Basis for the Optimization of Workings||Tensile roof failure arising from horizontal compressive str||Study of load transfer capacity of bolts using short encapsu||Intersection Stability and Tensioned Bolting||Premature Rock Bolt Failure Through Stress Corrosion Crackin||Short-encapsulation Pull Tests for Roof Bolt Evaluation at a||Field Test with Strain-gauged Friction Bolts at the Gold Hun||Directional Rock Bolt Pullout Tests as Index Tests for Estim||Eclipse Bolting System||The Application of Pre-tensioned Grouted Tendons at Harworth||Investigation into the Extent and Mechanisms of Gloving and||Developments in Improving the Standard of Installation and B||Development of Geotechnical Procedures for the Analysis of M||Recent Developments in the Use of Seismic Tomography in Long||Pumpable Roof Supports: Developing Design Criteria by Measur||Design Considerations of the Secondary Roof Support for Long||The Effect of Standing Support Stiffness on Primary and Seco||Numerical Modeling of the U1A Complex at the Nevada Test Sit||Rock Mechanics and the Analysis of Underground Mine Stabilit||A Study of Potential Fault Reactivation and Water Intrusion||The Elimination of Rock-fall Fatalities in Ontario Hardrock||Root Causes of Groundfall Related Incidents in U.S. Mining I||Analysis on the Dynamics of Mining Subsidence in Range of a||Mitigating Subsidence Influences on Residential Structures C||Influences of Longwall Subsidence on a Guyed Steel Tower - A||Surface Movement of Super-wide Longwall Panels Using Top-coa||New Approach to Evaluate the Stability of Yield Pillars||Experimental Study of Acoustic Emission Characteristics for|