Design Considerations of the Secondary Roof Support for Longwall Tailgate Entries

Chen, Jinsheng
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 6
Publication Date: Jan 1, 2003
To maintain the stability of longwall tailgate entries, they have to be supported by not only the primary roof support but also the secondary roof support due to the impact of the longwall mining┬Činduced abutment loads. Depending on the mining condition of a typical coal seam and its distance from the previous panel's gob, the longwall tailgate entry is often reinforced by the secondary roof support in the form of standing supports and/or cable bolts or trusses during longwall retreat, Even though lots of research work has been done to study the behavior of different standing supports in the laboratory. their function and requirements for a typical mining condition are still not fully understood due to lack of field data and correct assumptions about the behavior of the already-bolted entry roof under mining-induced abutment loads. Therefore, the application of the secondary roof support for tailgate entry roof control is still limited to trial and error, which often results in either higher cost for tailgate roof control if the design is too conservative or more production delays due to roof falls in the outby tailgate entry if the design is inadequate. To have a better tailgate roof control with reasonable roof control cost, RAG American Coal, NIOSH, and HeiTech have been conducting a joint research project to monitor actual roof loading, roof deformation, and entry convergence in the tailgate entry of 10 North panel at RAG Emerald mine. The actual roof loading data are used to calibrate and improve the roof control model for longwall tailgate entries, which has been developed by RAG American Coal, and to further reduce the roof control cost for longwall tailgate entries. The authors in this study attempt to discuss the Roof Control Model developed by RAG American Coal. in which some guidelines or important parameters for designing the secondary roof support for longwall tailgate entries are proposed.
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