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|In many cases traditional support designs cover the many variations in ground conditions and bolt performance by a conservative factor of safety. The result is that most bolts are ineffectual most of the time and yet the response to occasional roof collapses is an even more conservative design. The probabilistic analysis presented in this paper takes several important parameters of a support design into account such as span, bolt strength, bolt length, water pressure, seismic accelerations, joint orientation, bed thickness and joint strength and allows the effect of variations in these parameters to be evaluated simultaneously. The analysis demonstrates the application of the probabilistic approach to both blocky, wedge-dominated conditions and bedded deposits dominated by laminations. All mine excavations have a designed stand-up time. By taking into account of the possible variations in the design parameters explicitly, it is possible to produce a support system designed to ensure stability over a given period of time. Rather than use a factor of safety criterion, the approach uses a percentage reliability or probability of failure. By understanding the probability of failure of the support system, it is possible to improve the performance of ground support without any increase in cost or conversely to decrease the cost while maintaining the performance of ground support. This approach reduces reliance on empirical experience and leads to a better understanding of the key factors that influence stability and can provide a much more accurate and optimized assessment of support design and performance. The result is a more cost-effective support system and we hope that a broader application of this approach to ground support in underground mines will lead to a greater acceptance in the industry of probabilistic analyses and of terms such as Probability of Failure and Reliability of Support.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book 22nd International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM) 22nd
|Pillar Design and Roof Support for Controlling Longwall Head||Stress Analysis and Support Design for Longwall Mine-Through||The Utilisation of Numerical Modelling to Predict Water and||Longwall Roof Fall Prediction and Shield Support Recommendat||Comparison Of Multiple And Single Entry Roadways For Highly||Numerical Modeling Of Longwalls In Deep Coal Mines||The Characteristics Of Mining-Induced Fractures In Overlying||Design And Experience Of Total Extraction Room And Pillar Op||Using Site Case Histories Of Multiple Seam Coal Mining To Ad||Mining Method For Extracting An Eight Metre Coal Horizon Con||Stooping Low Safety Factor Pillars At Goedehoop Colliery||Modelling Of Pillar Stability In Room And Pillar Mines||Pillar Optimization For Initial Design And Retreat Recovery||Application Of RMT's Remote Reading Telltale System To||Rock Mechanics Study Of Lateral Destressing For The Advance-||New Tools For Roof Support Evaluation And Design||Considerations For Using Roof Monitors In Underground Limest||Mine Roof Geology Information System (MRGIS)||Imaging Ahead Of Mining With Radio Imaging Method (RIM-IV) I||Geophysics For The Detection Of Abandoned Mine Workings||Investigation Of Seam Thickness And Seam Splitting Within A||Determination Of Rock Strength Properties Using Geophysical||RQD from the Barrel to the Box: Weatherability May be a Bett||A probabilistic approach to ground support design in undergr||The Requirements of a Database to Store Geotechnical Data to||Variation of Horizontal Stresses and Strains in Mines in Bed||Geotechnical Planning Basis for the Optimization of Workings||Tensile roof failure arising from horizontal compressive str||Study of load transfer capacity of bolts using short encapsu||Intersection Stability and Tensioned Bolting||Premature Rock Bolt Failure Through Stress Corrosion Crackin||Short-encapsulation Pull Tests for Roof Bolt Evaluation at a||Field Test with Strain-gauged Friction Bolts at the Gold Hun||Directional Rock Bolt Pullout Tests as Index Tests for Estim||Eclipse Bolting System||The Application of Pre-tensioned Grouted Tendons at Harworth||Investigation into the Extent and Mechanisms of Gloving and||Developments in Improving the Standard of Installation and B||Development of Geotechnical Procedures for the Analysis of M||Recent Developments in the Use of Seismic Tomography in Long||Pumpable Roof Supports: Developing Design Criteria by Measur||Design Considerations of the Secondary Roof Support for Long||The Effect of Standing Support Stiffness on Primary and Seco||Numerical Modeling of the U1A Complex at the Nevada Test Sit||Rock Mechanics and the Analysis of Underground Mine Stabilit||A Study of Potential Fault Reactivation and Water Intrusion||The Elimination of Rock-fall Fatalities in Ontario Hardrock||Root Causes of Groundfall Related Incidents in U.S. Mining I||Analysis on the Dynamics of Mining Subsidence in Range of a||Mitigating Subsidence Influences on Residential Structures C||Influences of Longwall Subsidence on a Guyed Steel Tower - A||Surface Movement of Super-wide Longwall Panels Using Top-coa||New Approach to Evaluate the Stability of Yield Pillars||Experimental Study of Acoustic Emission Characteristics for|