Numerical and Physical Modeling as Planning Tools for Rockbolted Roadways

Griesenbrock, Peter
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 6
Publication Date: Jan 1, 2002
In German underground coal mining mostly arch and some rectangular roadways are used in the development work. Due to its positive results from numerical and physical modeling techniques as well as good underground experiences, the numbers of rectangular roadways has increased significantly. Today the bolt support - independent of its cross-sectional shape - represents an undeniable support element. During the introduction of new bolt techniques a detailed investigation of the rock and support mechanical effectiveness of bolt support in roadways at all operation stages is of basic importance. This effectiveness can be predicted and verified using different simulation techniques. For the planning of rockbolted roadways two supplementary simulation techniques are presented in this paper. By combination of all available planning tools the best result for planning assurance can be achieved. Keywords: numerical modeling, physical modeling, arched roadway, rectangular roadway, roofbolting, advancing longwall.
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