Improvement in Pre-Tensioning of Strand Bolts in Australian Coal Mines

Rataj, Mietek
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 5
Publication Date: Jan 1, 2002
Installation of pre-tensioned Strand Bolts i.e. resin grouted cable bolts is very common now in Australian coal mines. A short historical development of this type of rock reinforcement is outlined Various systems have been developed to apply 20 to 25 tonnes of pre-load to these bolts but there are still some technical problems which have to be overcome. One of the major problems encountered is bleed off tension which is highly undesirable as required "over loading" rocks the immediate roof thus inducing fractures iii weak strata. The major reason for the loss of tension apart from the design of the tensioning jack, is the design of the conventionally used barrels and wedges. Due to a roof plate tilting during tensioning the cable moves out of the barrel centre which impedes proper positioning of the wedges and subsequent excessive return of the cable once load of the jack is released. This problem has been largely resolved by the design of a special barrel having a centralizing rim allowing for significant reduction of the toss of tension. KEYWORDS: Pre-tensioned Strand Bolts, Cable Bolts, Bleed off Tension, Tensioning Jack, Loss of Tension
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