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|The majority of the 100 million roof bolts installed each year in the United States are 5/8 inch deformed rebar fully grouted into a one inch borehole. Commonly referred to as B-Series or No. 5 bar, this system is proven effective and cost efficient in coal mines with average to above average roof conditions. One of the critical variables affecting resin bolt performance is the size of the resin annulus, calculated as the difference between the hole and bolt diameters. The optimum annulus has been proven to be '/4 inch, which provides for effective mixing of the two polyester resin components and incorporation of the plastic film packaging within the cured resin. Glove fingering occurs when the plastic film is forced against the borehole wall potentially interfering with the mechanical interlock of the resin and the rock mass. Glove fingering is not a problem with the optimum '/n inch annulus but has been know to occur with the B-Series 3/8 inch annulus. Laboratory testing correlated the degree of Glove fingering with resin formulation and the bolt head to shaft axes alignment. Glove fingering occurred over 45 % of the grouted length of standard B¬Series bolts. The newly formulated Eclipse B-Series resin when combined with a 1/8 inch offset between the bolt head and shaft axes reduced the glove fingering 70%. The Eclipse system allows the 3/8 inch B-Series annulus to achieve the positive mixing characteristics associated with the / inch optimal annulus systems.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 21st International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
|Pre-Driven Experimental Longwall Recovery Room Under Weak Ro||Longwall Mining-Induced Abutment Loads and Their Impacts on||Influence of Structural Stress Concentration and Structural||The NIOSH Shield Hydraulics Inspection and Evaluation of Leg||Study on Top-Coal Loss and the Optimum Drawing Interval of L||Stress Measurements for Safety Decisions in Longwall Coal||Re-Use of Rectangular Bolted Roadways in a Cover Depth > 100||Numerical Modeling of the Gob Loading Mechanism in Longwall||Deep Cover Pillar Extraction in the U.S. Coalfields||Evaluation of Pillar Recovery in Southern West Virginia||A Case History Investigation of Two Coal Bumps in the Southe||A Linear Coal Pillar Strength Formula for South African Coal||Anchorage Pull Testing for Fully Grouted Roof Bolts||Comparison of Some Aspects of Bolting Mechanisms Between Ful||Eclipse System Improves Resin Anchored Rebar Bolting||Design Considerations for Tensioned Bolts||Field Testing of the Fully Grouted Thrust Tensioned Bolts||Improvement in Pre-Tensioning of Strand Bolts in Australian||The Introduction of Roof Bolting to U.S. Underground Coal Mi||Support of Coal Mines in the United Kingdom||The Use of NDT Methods to Determine the Condition of Rockbol||Rockbolted Support of Retreat Longwall Gateroads at 1000m De||Roof Screening: Best Practices and Roof Bolting Machines||Numerical and Physical Modeling as Planning Tools for Rockbo||Stone Mine Design in Highly Fractured Rock||The Importance of Underground Stone Mine Roof Geology||Utilization of Ground-Penetrating Radar to Determine Roof Co||An Examination of the Loyalhanna Limestone's Structural||Highwall Stability in an Open Pit Stone Operation||Overview of Safety Considerations with Highwall Mining Opera||Highwall Monitoring to Combat Rockfall Accidents at Opencast||Seepage and Reinforcement Behavior of Grouting Into Slaking-||Floor Heave in Shallow Room-and-Pillar Mining||Analysis of a Stability Problem in an Underground Coal Mine||Comparison of Acoustic Emission and Stress Measurement Resul||Acoustic Scanner Analysis of Borehole Breakout to Define the||Estimating Rock Strengths Using Drilling Parameters During R||New developments with the coal mine roof rating||Application of geotechnical and geophysical parameters to im||Development of a Risk Rating System for Use in Underground C||Empirical and analytical design of large openings at a propo||Shear Mechanism for Mining-Induced Fractures Applied to Rock||Evaluating Techniques for Monitoring Rock Falls and Slope St||Developments in Sealant Support Systems for Ground Control||Stability Control of Clusters of Deep Openings Around Shaft||The Use of Pneumatic Stowing in Germany Considering Subsiden||A 3-D Semi-Analytical Method for Subsidence Prediction and S||Theory and Technology of Mining Subsidence Control by Grouti||Surface Subsidence Due to the Combined Effects of Undergroun|