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|The Southern Appalachian coalfield has a long history of coal bumps that are attributable to a unique combination of topography, geology, and multiple seam mining. The high pillar stresses that generate a coal bump result from: i. mountainous topography where the overburden commonly exceeds 1,500 feet beneath ridges, ii. multiple seam mining, iii. thin interburden between active and abandoned mines, iv. thick beds of competent sandstone and sandy shale strata throughout the stratigraphic section, v. strong coal seams, and vi. irregular pillar and mining geometry in older room-and¬pillar mines. Coal has been intensively mined for more than 100 years in Eastern Kentucky, Southwestern Virginia, and Southern West Virginia. As a result, it is commonplace to have abandoned mines above and/or below active operations. Therefore, those conditions that generate coal bumps will be more prevalent in the future, as underground mining continues in Southern Appalachia. The focus of this paper concerns two coal bumps that occurred in the Kellioka seam where both undermining and overmining had occurred. The purpose of the investigation is to determine the magnitude and distribution of vertical stress that initiated the bumps, to identify bump-prone areas in the unmined reserve, and to recommend pillar centers and mining layouts to avoid future bumps. The state of stress in three vertically adjacent seams was examined using the LAMODEL boundary element program. Large, detailed numerical models were constructed of both bump areas and of the remaining unmined reserve block. The results of the numerical analyses were compared with those obtained using analytical equations.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 21st International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
|Pre-Driven Experimental Longwall Recovery Room Under Weak Ro||Longwall Mining-Induced Abutment Loads and Their Impacts on||Influence of Structural Stress Concentration and Structural||The NIOSH Shield Hydraulics Inspection and Evaluation of Leg||Study on Top-Coal Loss and the Optimum Drawing Interval of L||Stress Measurements for Safety Decisions in Longwall Coal||Re-Use of Rectangular Bolted Roadways in a Cover Depth > 100||Numerical Modeling of the Gob Loading Mechanism in Longwall||Deep Cover Pillar Extraction in the U.S. Coalfields||Evaluation of Pillar Recovery in Southern West Virginia||A Case History Investigation of Two Coal Bumps in the Southe||A Linear Coal Pillar Strength Formula for South African Coal||Anchorage Pull Testing for Fully Grouted Roof Bolts||Comparison of Some Aspects of Bolting Mechanisms Between Ful||Eclipse System Improves Resin Anchored Rebar Bolting||Design Considerations for Tensioned Bolts||Field Testing of the Fully Grouted Thrust Tensioned Bolts||Improvement in Pre-Tensioning of Strand Bolts in Australian||The Introduction of Roof Bolting to U.S. Underground Coal Mi||Support of Coal Mines in the United Kingdom||The Use of NDT Methods to Determine the Condition of Rockbol||Rockbolted Support of Retreat Longwall Gateroads at 1000m De||Roof Screening: Best Practices and Roof Bolting Machines||Numerical and Physical Modeling as Planning Tools for Rockbo||Stone Mine Design in Highly Fractured Rock||The Importance of Underground Stone Mine Roof Geology||Utilization of Ground-Penetrating Radar to Determine Roof Co||An Examination of the Loyalhanna Limestone's Structural||Highwall Stability in an Open Pit Stone Operation||Overview of Safety Considerations with Highwall Mining Opera||Highwall Monitoring to Combat Rockfall Accidents at Opencast||Seepage and Reinforcement Behavior of Grouting Into Slaking-||Floor Heave in Shallow Room-and-Pillar Mining||Analysis of a Stability Problem in an Underground Coal Mine||Comparison of Acoustic Emission and Stress Measurement Resul||Acoustic Scanner Analysis of Borehole Breakout to Define the||Estimating Rock Strengths Using Drilling Parameters During R||New developments with the coal mine roof rating||Application of geotechnical and geophysical parameters to im||Development of a Risk Rating System for Use in Underground C||Empirical and analytical design of large openings at a propo||Shear Mechanism for Mining-Induced Fractures Applied to Rock||Evaluating Techniques for Monitoring Rock Falls and Slope St||Developments in Sealant Support Systems for Ground Control||Stability Control of Clusters of Deep Openings Around Shaft||The Use of Pneumatic Stowing in Germany Considering Subsiden||A 3-D Semi-Analytical Method for Subsidence Prediction and S||Theory and Technology of Mining Subsidence Control by Grouti||Surface Subsidence Due to the Combined Effects of Undergroun|