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|Longwall shields provide essential ground control in Iongwall mining, yet a high percentage of shields are operating at less than peak capacity and many at well below the rated support capacity due to defective hydraulic cylinders or malfunctions in other hydraulic components. Leg pressure data are currently collected on state-of¬the-art longwall shields, but typically are not analyzed to evaluate shield performance. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Shield Hydraulics Inspection and Evaluation of Leg Data (SHIELD) program is a Visual Basic software system that is designed to analyze leg pressure data and identify shields that are not performing to rated specifications. The program analysis is configured to detect the following conditions: (I ) loss of leg pressure, (2) imbalance in leg pressure, (3) low set pressure, (4) low yield pressure, and (5) full extension of the bottom stage. Other performance assessment measures include the percentage of the support capacity utilized (ratio of peak load to yield load), the percent of time that a shield operates at yield load, the ratio of the set load to the yield load, and the amount of support capacity that is lost due to leaking cylinders. Historical record keeping will allow the user to select a particular shield and review the performance record as developed by the program for that shield. In addition to these performance assessment measures, the software will include an animated description of shield hydraulic systems that will describe the operation and significance of each hydraulic component and the impact of component failures on the shield's capability to provide the required roof support. A general overview of the SHIELD program is provided in the paper together with an example analysis of a 2.5-year-old Australian longwall face.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 21st International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
|Pre-Driven Experimental Longwall Recovery Room Under Weak Ro||Longwall Mining-Induced Abutment Loads and Their Impacts on||Influence of Structural Stress Concentration and Structural||The NIOSH Shield Hydraulics Inspection and Evaluation of Leg||Study on Top-Coal Loss and the Optimum Drawing Interval of L||Stress Measurements for Safety Decisions in Longwall Coal||Re-Use of Rectangular Bolted Roadways in a Cover Depth > 100||Numerical Modeling of the Gob Loading Mechanism in Longwall||Deep Cover Pillar Extraction in the U.S. Coalfields||Evaluation of Pillar Recovery in Southern West Virginia||A Case History Investigation of Two Coal Bumps in the Southe||A Linear Coal Pillar Strength Formula for South African Coal||Anchorage Pull Testing for Fully Grouted Roof Bolts||Comparison of Some Aspects of Bolting Mechanisms Between Ful||Eclipse System Improves Resin Anchored Rebar Bolting||Design Considerations for Tensioned Bolts||Field Testing of the Fully Grouted Thrust Tensioned Bolts||Improvement in Pre-Tensioning of Strand Bolts in Australian||The Introduction of Roof Bolting to U.S. Underground Coal Mi||Support of Coal Mines in the United Kingdom||The Use of NDT Methods to Determine the Condition of Rockbol||Rockbolted Support of Retreat Longwall Gateroads at 1000m De||Roof Screening: Best Practices and Roof Bolting Machines||Numerical and Physical Modeling as Planning Tools for Rockbo||Stone Mine Design in Highly Fractured Rock||The Importance of Underground Stone Mine Roof Geology||Utilization of Ground-Penetrating Radar to Determine Roof Co||An Examination of the Loyalhanna Limestone's Structural||Highwall Stability in an Open Pit Stone Operation||Overview of Safety Considerations with Highwall Mining Opera||Highwall Monitoring to Combat Rockfall Accidents at Opencast||Seepage and Reinforcement Behavior of Grouting Into Slaking-||Floor Heave in Shallow Room-and-Pillar Mining||Analysis of a Stability Problem in an Underground Coal Mine||Comparison of Acoustic Emission and Stress Measurement Resul||Acoustic Scanner Analysis of Borehole Breakout to Define the||Estimating Rock Strengths Using Drilling Parameters During R||New developments with the coal mine roof rating||Application of geotechnical and geophysical parameters to im||Development of a Risk Rating System for Use in Underground C||Empirical and analytical design of large openings at a propo||Shear Mechanism for Mining-Induced Fractures Applied to Rock||Evaluating Techniques for Monitoring Rock Falls and Slope St||Developments in Sealant Support Systems for Ground Control||Stability Control of Clusters of Deep Openings Around Shaft||The Use of Pneumatic Stowing in Germany Considering Subsiden||A 3-D Semi-Analytical Method for Subsidence Prediction and S||Theory and Technology of Mining Subsidence Control by Grouti||Surface Subsidence Due to the Combined Effects of Undergroun|