If you have access to OneMine as part of a member benefit, log in through your member association website for a seamless user experience.
|Longwall mining-induced abutment loads on the surrounding coal pillars can be grouped into two categories in terms of the relative position of the coal pillars and the longwall face. They are the front and side abutment loads. Even though a lot of research and efforts have been made to study the nature and behavior of these longwall mining-induced abutment loads, their influence zones and magnitude are still not well defined and fully understood due to the complexity of geological conditions and the longwall muting-induced overburden strata movement. The uncertainty about the mining-induced abutment loads often forces consultants and mining engineers to employ a conservative approach in designing coal pillars and entry roof control plans. The problems with this approach are that: (a) it increases CM development¬longwall retreat footage ratio, (b) it decreases coal recovery, and (c) it increases !Ill' operating costs. However, a more liberal approach may create safety issues and result in loss of production. Therefore, the importance of accurately defining the influence zones and magnitude of the front and side abutment loads induced by longwall mining can never be over emphasized. The authors in this paper attempt to define the influence zones and discuss the magnitude of the longwall mining-induced abutment loads by analyzing the field data measured at RAG American Coal Company's longwall mines. In addition, the relationship between entry stability and the balance among roof/floor conditions, pillar design, and roof control plan is also briefly discussed.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 21st International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
|Pre-Driven Experimental Longwall Recovery Room Under Weak Ro||Longwall Mining-Induced Abutment Loads and Their Impacts on||Influence of Structural Stress Concentration and Structural||The NIOSH Shield Hydraulics Inspection and Evaluation of Leg||Study on Top-Coal Loss and the Optimum Drawing Interval of L||Stress Measurements for Safety Decisions in Longwall Coal||Re-Use of Rectangular Bolted Roadways in a Cover Depth > 100||Numerical Modeling of the Gob Loading Mechanism in Longwall||Deep Cover Pillar Extraction in the U.S. Coalfields||Evaluation of Pillar Recovery in Southern West Virginia||A Case History Investigation of Two Coal Bumps in the Southe||A Linear Coal Pillar Strength Formula for South African Coal||Anchorage Pull Testing for Fully Grouted Roof Bolts||Comparison of Some Aspects of Bolting Mechanisms Between Ful||Eclipse System Improves Resin Anchored Rebar Bolting||Design Considerations for Tensioned Bolts||Field Testing of the Fully Grouted Thrust Tensioned Bolts||Improvement in Pre-Tensioning of Strand Bolts in Australian||The Introduction of Roof Bolting to U.S. Underground Coal Mi||Support of Coal Mines in the United Kingdom||The Use of NDT Methods to Determine the Condition of Rockbol||Rockbolted Support of Retreat Longwall Gateroads at 1000m De||Roof Screening: Best Practices and Roof Bolting Machines||Numerical and Physical Modeling as Planning Tools for Rockbo||Stone Mine Design in Highly Fractured Rock||The Importance of Underground Stone Mine Roof Geology||Utilization of Ground-Penetrating Radar to Determine Roof Co||An Examination of the Loyalhanna Limestone's Structural||Highwall Stability in an Open Pit Stone Operation||Overview of Safety Considerations with Highwall Mining Opera||Highwall Monitoring to Combat Rockfall Accidents at Opencast||Seepage and Reinforcement Behavior of Grouting Into Slaking-||Floor Heave in Shallow Room-and-Pillar Mining||Analysis of a Stability Problem in an Underground Coal Mine||Comparison of Acoustic Emission and Stress Measurement Resul||Acoustic Scanner Analysis of Borehole Breakout to Define the||Estimating Rock Strengths Using Drilling Parameters During R||New developments with the coal mine roof rating||Application of geotechnical and geophysical parameters to im||Development of a Risk Rating System for Use in Underground C||Empirical and analytical design of large openings at a propo||Shear Mechanism for Mining-Induced Fractures Applied to Rock||Evaluating Techniques for Monitoring Rock Falls and Slope St||Developments in Sealant Support Systems for Ground Control||Stability Control of Clusters of Deep Openings Around Shaft||The Use of Pneumatic Stowing in Germany Considering Subsiden||A 3-D Semi-Analytical Method for Subsidence Prediction and S||Theory and Technology of Mining Subsidence Control by Grouti||Surface Subsidence Due to the Combined Effects of Undergroun|