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|Ground anchorage systems in the form of rock bolts are used extensively throughout the world as supporting devices for civil engineering structures such as bridges and tunnels. It is widely recognized that non-destructive testing methods for ground anchorages need to be developed as a high priority [1 ], with only a small proportion of anchorages currently being monitored in service . The condition monitoring of anchorages is a relatively new area of research, with the objective being a wholly automated or semi-automated condition monitoring system capable of repeatable and accurate diagnosis of faults and anchorage post tension levels. The GRANIT tm system developed by the University of Aberdeen is capable of measuring the integrity of ground anchorages and has won two major UK Awards - the National John Logic Baird Award for Innovation in 1997 and a Design Council Millennium Product Award in 1999. The normal procedure with the GRANIT tm system [3,4] is to train a neural network on dynamic response data that has been sampled from an anchorage over a range of post-tension levels. Further data is needed in order to test the neural network. The paper presents neural networks that have been trained on data taken from a number of anchorages on different sites, and the results of the diagnosis of these neural networks on new test data is presented. The results show that the cross-diagnosis of anchorages is possible, where a neural network trained on one anchorage is capable of successfully diagnosing the post-tension level for an anchorage of similar construction, and the high level of accuracy that can be attained with the GRANIT tm technique is shown. The paper also introduces a mathematical model of the GRANIT tm process.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 20th International Conference On Ground Control In Mining
|Hydraulic Fracturing Of Sandstone And Longwall Roof Control||Status Of Longwall Research In CSIRO||Longwall Moves At Twentymile Recovery Mesh System||Risk Assessment Of Geotechnical Factors Associated With Unde||Load And Deflection Response Of Ventilation Stoppings To Lon||The Stress And Failure Paths Followed By Coal Mine Roofs Dur||Simulated Materials Modeling And Analysis Of The Overburden||Sizing Of Final Stumps For Safer Pillar Extraction||Evaluation Of Mobile Roof Support Technologies||FDM Prediction Of A Yield Pillar Performance In Conjunction||Extraction Ratio In Thin Seams Assuring No Surface Subsidenc||Improving Roof Control At A South African Coal Mine||In-Situ Investigation Into The Causes Of Falls Of Roof In So||Failure Characteristics Of Roof Falls At An Underground Ston||Determination Of Limitation Of Roof Layer Separation (LRLS)||The Integration Of Geology And Engineering In Ground Control||Worldwide Implementation Of Continuous Miner System - Integr||Effect Of Face Advance Rates On The Characteristics Of Subsi||The Response Of A High Order Stream To Shallow Cover Longwal||SDPS For Windows: An Integrated Approach To Ground Deformati||Development Of A Remote Reading Dual-Height Telltale System||Enhanced Surface Control For Roof And Rib Support||Long Term Stability Of Mine Workings In Soft Floor Environme||Visualization Of Geostructure By Mechanical Data Logging Of||A Step Towards Understanding The Behaviour Of Wider Roadways||Research And Application Of Combined Reinforcement System||Estimation Of In-Situ Stress At Ikeshima Colliery Using AE A||Typical Complete Stress-Strain Curves Of Coal||Analysis Of Roof Bolt Systems||Effects Of Bedding Plane Sliding And Separation And Tensione||Systems Used In Coal Mining Development In Long Tendon Reinf||Determination And IT-Supported Evaluation Of Rock Mechanical||Tensioned Cable Bolts As Primary Support: Update||Determination Of Basis For The Double Use Of Rectangular Roc||Cost Preventive System To Control Unstable Roof In Main Line||Injection Techniques for Cost-effective Stabilization of Bri||An Analysis of Rock Failure Around a Deep Longwall Using Mic||Numerical Simulation on Microseismicity Due to Mining at One||Investigation of Seismicity Near Appin, NSW, and its Associa||Effects of Bolt Spacing, Bolt Length, and Roof Span on Bolt||Evaluation of Instrumented Cable and Rebar Bolts as Ground S||Application of the Coal Mining Roof Rating System in South A||Roof Instability Rating (RIR) System and Its Application at||Updating the NlOSH Support Technology Optimization Program (||Mistakes, Misconceptions, and Key Points Regarding Secondary||Non-Destructive Testing on Fully Grouted Rockbolts||Visual Recognition of the Load of Roof-Bolts by an Indicator||A New Rockbolt Axial Load Measuring Device||A New Approach to the Integrity Testing of Ground Anchorages||A Lineament Analysis Case Study of the Fola Coal Co., LLC. N||Analyses of Valley Fill Slope Stability - Three Case Studies||Modeling of Joint and Fracture Distributions in Rock Mass Be|