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|In this paper, a state-of-the-art, three-dimensional, full waveform, microseismic system was used to analyze the rock failure around a deep (> 750 in (2500 ft) of cover) bump-prone longwall panel. The microseismic system consisted of both underground and surface geophones coupled through radio telemetry and a fiber-optic network to produce pseudo real-time detection and location of seismic events surrounding the coal seam. This was the first microseismic installation of this scope at a U.S. coal mine, and the system was intended to help determine the exact strata mechanics associated with the redistribution of stress and the associated gob formation at one of the U.S.'s deepest longwall mines. Overall, 5,000 calibrated seismic events were recorded during the mining of one panel, including a Richter magnitude 4.2 event which occurred inside of the array. Analysts of these events provides a number of notable insights into the rock mass behavior. For instance, the longwall panel was widened during the retreat process, and the mining-induced seismicity shows a distinctly different behavior between the start of the panel, the mining of the narrow part of the panel and the mining of the wider part of the panel. Also, in itself, the acquisition of the ML 4.2 event was a major milestone in geomechanical and bump research. This is the first time that such an event has been recorded with this detail and accuracy at a bump-prone coal mine in the U.S. `The analysis of this single event has set distinct new limits on the relationship between mining seismicity and coal bumps.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 20th International Conference On Ground Control In Mining
|Hydraulic Fracturing Of Sandstone And Longwall Roof Control||Status Of Longwall Research In CSIRO||Longwall Moves At Twentymile Recovery Mesh System||Risk Assessment Of Geotechnical Factors Associated With Unde||Load And Deflection Response Of Ventilation Stoppings To Lon||The Stress And Failure Paths Followed By Coal Mine Roofs Dur||Simulated Materials Modeling And Analysis Of The Overburden||Sizing Of Final Stumps For Safer Pillar Extraction||Evaluation Of Mobile Roof Support Technologies||FDM Prediction Of A Yield Pillar Performance In Conjunction||Extraction Ratio In Thin Seams Assuring No Surface Subsidenc||Improving Roof Control At A South African Coal Mine||In-Situ Investigation Into The Causes Of Falls Of Roof In So||Failure Characteristics Of Roof Falls At An Underground Ston||Determination Of Limitation Of Roof Layer Separation (LRLS)||The Integration Of Geology And Engineering In Ground Control||Worldwide Implementation Of Continuous Miner System - Integr||Effect Of Face Advance Rates On The Characteristics Of Subsi||The Response Of A High Order Stream To Shallow Cover Longwal||SDPS For Windows: An Integrated Approach To Ground Deformati||Development Of A Remote Reading Dual-Height Telltale System||Enhanced Surface Control For Roof And Rib Support||Long Term Stability Of Mine Workings In Soft Floor Environme||Visualization Of Geostructure By Mechanical Data Logging Of||A Step Towards Understanding The Behaviour Of Wider Roadways||Research And Application Of Combined Reinforcement System||Estimation Of In-Situ Stress At Ikeshima Colliery Using AE A||Typical Complete Stress-Strain Curves Of Coal||Analysis Of Roof Bolt Systems||Effects Of Bedding Plane Sliding And Separation And Tensione||Systems Used In Coal Mining Development In Long Tendon Reinf||Determination And IT-Supported Evaluation Of Rock Mechanical||Tensioned Cable Bolts As Primary Support: Update||Determination Of Basis For The Double Use Of Rectangular Roc||Cost Preventive System To Control Unstable Roof In Main Line||Injection Techniques for Cost-effective Stabilization of Bri||An Analysis of Rock Failure Around a Deep Longwall Using Mic||Numerical Simulation on Microseismicity Due to Mining at One||Investigation of Seismicity Near Appin, NSW, and its Associa||Effects of Bolt Spacing, Bolt Length, and Roof Span on Bolt||Evaluation of Instrumented Cable and Rebar Bolts as Ground S||Application of the Coal Mining Roof Rating System in South A||Roof Instability Rating (RIR) System and Its Application at||Updating the NlOSH Support Technology Optimization Program (||Mistakes, Misconceptions, and Key Points Regarding Secondary||Non-Destructive Testing on Fully Grouted Rockbolts||Visual Recognition of the Load of Roof-Bolts by an Indicator||A New Rockbolt Axial Load Measuring Device||A New Approach to the Integrity Testing of Ground Anchorages||A Lineament Analysis Case Study of the Fola Coal Co., LLC. N||Analyses of Valley Fill Slope Stability - Three Case Studies||Modeling of Joint and Fracture Distributions in Rock Mass Be|