Three-Dimensional Simulations Of The Roof Behavior In Coal Room And Pillar Panels

Vervoort, Andre
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 9
Publication Date: Jan 1, 2000
The roof in coal room and pillar panels is normally stratified and can be thought of as beams or plates supported by the pillar sides in the roadways and by pillar corners in the intersections Underground measurements showed the effect of the face advance on the additional total movement of the roof skin and on the relative movement between various layers in the roof. The latter consists of the opening of bedding planes and of the lateral sliding of layers over one another. Both phenomena increase locally the axial load along full column anchors. Four models have been used to come to a better understanding of the roof behavior: a beam either clamped above the pillar side or laying on the pillar sides and a three-dimensional boundary clement model with and without bedding planes. The shape ref the curvature of the roof deflection is host approached by a clamped beam: the other models overestimate the movement at the sides. The largest roof deflection for a given Young's modulus is estimated by the model incorporating bedding planes. This model estimates that the bed separation occurs close to the face (within the first meter) and within 0.2 m of the sidewalk. In some simulations, openings are even recorded just ahead of the face. Further underground measurements should focus on these findings, as the effectiveness of the support is directly related to the amount of bed separation and sliding, which have occurred prior to the support installation and which still cart occur abler installation.
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