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|The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has continued the research role of the former U.S. Bureau of Mines to develop techniques that will reduce the hazards in the mining work place associated with coal bumps. Current research focuses on both analyzing historical seismic data from bump-prone operations and utilizing a mine-wide seismic network to investigate the exact strata failure mechanics associated with bump-prone geology. The anticipated outcome of this research will be reduced bump incidences through advanced engineering concepts and designs which implement the new understanding of strata behavior. The analysis of the historic seismic data consists of correlating observed mining seismicity with the geologic and geometric parameters at the sites. The primary seismic parameters are the timing, location and magnitude of a recorded seismic event. These parameters are correlated with such mining parameters as: the overburden, the size of the immediate gob, the size of the district gob area, etc. This detailed analysis of historical seismic data has provided an informative quantifiable relationship between many of the specific mining parameters and the induced seismicity. The second aspect of the coal bump research is the instrumentation of an appropriate field site to determine the main roof, floor, and gob behavior associated with hump behavior. The chosen field site is a deep-cover longwall mine with competent geology in a historically bump-prone area. The primary field instrumentation is a three-dimensional, full-waveform, seismic array with both surface and underground sensors surrounding an active multi-panel district. The purpose of this seismic array is to determine the timing, the exact location, and the mechanism (tensile fracture, bedding plane slip. etc.) of the failure of the strata surrounding the active and multi¬panel gobs. The preliminary results presented in this paper help to define the strata failure areas around the longwall panel.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 19th International Conference On Ground Control In Mining
|An Approach To Identifying Geological Properties From Roof B||Field Experience Of Measuring The Acoustic Energy From A Ham||Advancements In Reflective Seismic Tomography For The Locati||Longwall Geomechanics, An Australian Perspective||Moonee Colliery: Renewing The Economic Viability Of A Mine U||Successful Application Of Hydraulic Fracturing To Control Wi||Pillar Mining And Longwalling Below Massive Roof Strata: Geo||High Capacity Tensioned Cable Bolts For Tailgate Support||Single Point And Full Scale Laboratory Testing Of Timber Cho||Optimizing Secondary Roof Support With The NIOSH Support Tec||The Use Of Cribless Tailgates In Longwall Extraction||Five Stress Factors Conducive To Bumps In Utah, USA, Coal Mi||Development Of Stress Measurement Techniques In Bump-Prone C||Coal Mine Seismicity And Bumps: Historical Case Studies And||Multi-Scale Assessment Of Coal And Gas Outbursts Based On Fr||Horizontal Stress: The Root Of All Evil?||Utilizing The ?Advance And Relieve? Method To Reduce Horizon||Regional Horizontal Surface Displacements Due To Mining Bene||Prognosis And Control Of Mining Induced Surface Subsidence A||Prediction Of Subsurface Subsidence For Longwall Mining Oper||Development Of A Statistical Technique For Assessing Sandsto||Evaluation Of Surface Subsidence Potential Along A Pipeline||Roof Monitoring In Limestone Mines-Experience With The Roof||Site Characterization For Planning Underground Stone Mines||Potential Problems Related To Mining Under Or Adjacent To Fl||Mine Planning For Longwall And Pillar Retreat Panels Subject||Optimization Of District-Wide Mine Layout In Multi-Seam Mini||Application Of Bolt Design Criteria At Galatia Mine||The Utilization Of Rockbolting Technology And Monitoring Tec||Rockbolting For Highly Stressed Roadways||Evaluation Of Measurement System For Monitoring The Stabilit||Quality Management For Grouted Rockbolts||Evaluating Anchorage Mechanisms Of Fully Encapsulated Rock B||INSTáL CableOx: A New Tensionable & Corrosion Resistant Cabl||Rock Reinforcement Longevity||Progress In The Development Of A Roof Bolt Design Methodolog||Case Studies Of Progressive Pillar Failure In Two Mines Usin||Jointing Effects On Pillar Strength||Impact Of Vertical Stress On Roadway Conditions At Dartbrook||Stepwise Support Technology For Extremely Soft Rock Roadway||Mobile Roof Supports For Pillar Retreat Mining||Three-Dimensional Simulations Of The Roof Behavior In Coal R||Roof Behavior In South African Coal Room And Pillar Panels||Extended Cut Out Distances In Continuous Miner Sections In S||Roof Control Analysis In North River Mine||Analysis Of The Seam Inclination Effect On Roof Stability||The Application Of Rock Mass Classification Principles To Co||Mining Geotechnical Benchmarking||Using The Point Load Test To Determine The Uniaxial Compress||The Influence Of Water Content On Strength Characteristic Of||Polymer Membrane Liners In Underground Coal Mines - Ground C||Applications Of Cement Grouting Method For Controlling Weak||Analysis Of Safety Aspects And Mining Practices For Effectiv|