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|Seismic tomographic imaging, based on the same principles as a medical CAT Scan (Computer-Aided-Tomography). has been used for many years in the oil industry for large-scale subsurface stratigraphic characterization. and has most recently been applied to various structure- and stress-related problems in the coal industry. New developments in signal processing have greatly enhanced the speed, resolution, and range of applications of topographic imaging in underground settings, and recent innovations in data acquisition hardware have further increased data reliability and repeatability. Whereas past structure mapping applications relied on Seismic velocity and/or attenuation tomopraphy within an enclosed seismic source gram receiver array, recent developments in "True Reflective Tomography- (TRT TM) have expanded the application of this technology considerably. For example, in-seam TRT TM seismic reflection tray now he used to image structure, and/or old workings from one general location in the mine face areas of mains and panel developments) well ahead of planned developments largely eliminating the need to probe-hole drill on regular intervals. This new reflective technology bas also been combined with traditional cross-hole seismic tomography-providing a comprehensive, powerful tool for velocity attenuation. and reflective imagine utilizing the same source/receiver array data sets (borehole-to-borehole. borehole-to-entry and entry-to-entry). These new developments in data acquisition and image processing have greatly expanded the variety of applications for tomographic site characterization allowing the mine operator considerable flexibility to cost-effectively characterize previously inaccessible areas of the property. This paper presents examples of 2-D and 3-D .seismic topographic imaging applied to (1) the location of old works in Appalachian room-and-pillar operations and (2) the identification of anomalous zones ahead of mining/tunneling developments these applications demonstrate the state-of-the-art in seismic ground imaging using velocity, attenuation. aril reflection techniques land combinations thereon, and further illustrate the flexibility of data acquisition from a variety of tinning arid tunneling settings. Recent examples are presented from projects in the United States and Europe.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 19th International Conference On Ground Control In Mining
|An Approach To Identifying Geological Properties From Roof B||Field Experience Of Measuring The Acoustic Energy From A Ham||Advancements In Reflective Seismic Tomography For The Locati||Longwall Geomechanics, An Australian Perspective||Moonee Colliery: Renewing The Economic Viability Of A Mine U||Successful Application Of Hydraulic Fracturing To Control Wi||Pillar Mining And Longwalling Below Massive Roof Strata: Geo||High Capacity Tensioned Cable Bolts For Tailgate Support||Single Point And Full Scale Laboratory Testing Of Timber Cho||Optimizing Secondary Roof Support With The NIOSH Support Tec||The Use Of Cribless Tailgates In Longwall Extraction||Five Stress Factors Conducive To Bumps In Utah, USA, Coal Mi||Development Of Stress Measurement Techniques In Bump-Prone C||Coal Mine Seismicity And Bumps: Historical Case Studies And||Multi-Scale Assessment Of Coal And Gas Outbursts Based On Fr||Horizontal Stress: The Root Of All Evil?||Utilizing The ?Advance And Relieve? Method To Reduce Horizon||Regional Horizontal Surface Displacements Due To Mining Bene||Prognosis And Control Of Mining Induced Surface Subsidence A||Prediction Of Subsurface Subsidence For Longwall Mining Oper||Development Of A Statistical Technique For Assessing Sandsto||Evaluation Of Surface Subsidence Potential Along A Pipeline||Roof Monitoring In Limestone Mines-Experience With The Roof||Site Characterization For Planning Underground Stone Mines||Potential Problems Related To Mining Under Or Adjacent To Fl||Mine Planning For Longwall And Pillar Retreat Panels Subject||Optimization Of District-Wide Mine Layout In Multi-Seam Mini||Application Of Bolt Design Criteria At Galatia Mine||The Utilization Of Rockbolting Technology And Monitoring Tec||Rockbolting For Highly Stressed Roadways||Evaluation Of Measurement System For Monitoring The Stabilit||Quality Management For Grouted Rockbolts||Evaluating Anchorage Mechanisms Of Fully Encapsulated Rock B||INSTáL CableOx: A New Tensionable & Corrosion Resistant Cabl||Rock Reinforcement Longevity||Progress In The Development Of A Roof Bolt Design Methodolog||Case Studies Of Progressive Pillar Failure In Two Mines Usin||Jointing Effects On Pillar Strength||Impact Of Vertical Stress On Roadway Conditions At Dartbrook||Stepwise Support Technology For Extremely Soft Rock Roadway||Mobile Roof Supports For Pillar Retreat Mining||Three-Dimensional Simulations Of The Roof Behavior In Coal R||Roof Behavior In South African Coal Room And Pillar Panels||Extended Cut Out Distances In Continuous Miner Sections In S||Roof Control Analysis In North River Mine||Analysis Of The Seam Inclination Effect On Roof Stability||The Application Of Rock Mass Classification Principles To Co||Mining Geotechnical Benchmarking||Using The Point Load Test To Determine The Uniaxial Compress||The Influence Of Water Content On Strength Characteristic Of||Polymer Membrane Liners In Underground Coal Mines - Ground C||Applications Of Cement Grouting Method For Controlling Weak||Analysis Of Safety Aspects And Mining Practices For Effectiv|