If you have access to OneMine as part of a member benefit, log in through your member association website for a seamless user experience.
|Sacrificial entries, roof slotting, and other tactics have been used to combat high horizontal stresses during roadway development in U.S. coal mines. In Australia, the "pillar extraction on the advance" mining method has been successfully employed as a horizontal stress control technique. The concept of advancing and relieving mine workings through pillar extraction developed from observations that some mines experience difficult ground conditions when advancing and retreating the first panel in a new reserve. However, conditions dramatically improve in subsequent panels. Apparently, the creation of a gob area stress relieves the adjacent panel workings. After much debate and close scrutiny, the first U.S. roof control plan to advance and relieve was approved in 1998, for the Sargent Hollow Mine in Wise County, VA. The major concern was that this mining practice places section personnel inby of the gob. The tentative approval permitted barrier pillar slabbing and removal of the adjacent development pillar during panel development. The intent of the plan was to provide a "stress shadow" for the advancing faces and outby workings to reduce the excessive number of roof falls. Sargent Hollow successfully extracted their first panel by pillaring on advance and retreat mining using posts. Mobile roof supports were employed to extract pillars while advancing the second panel. This paper summarizes Sargent Hollow Mine's experiences with the advance and relieve mining method.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings - 18th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
|Pillar Collapse at Welgedacht Colliery, South Africa: A Case||Causes of Massive Directional Roof Falls in Room and Pillar||Catastrophic Collapse Of Highwall Web Pillars And Preventati||Mine Panel Collapse - Two Case Studies||Roof Geology Mapping In Underground Coal Mines||Electromagnetic Seam Wave Mapping Of Roof Rock Conditions Ac||Geological Conditions At Continuous Miner Sections; Examples||The Role Of Engineering And Geology In Analyzing Ground Cont||The Development And Use Of Risk Assessment Techniques To Ass||Time-Dependent Analysis Of Underground Opening Stability||Tekflex As A Sprayon Screen Replacement In An Underground Ha||Tunnel Deformation Monitoring "Action Levels" In Coal Mines||Skin Failure Of Roof And Rib In Underground Coal Mines||Application Of Polyurethane Injection For Rehabilitation Of||Design Considerations For Bump-Prone Longwall Mines||Design Methodology For Standing Secondary Roof Support In Lo||Modern Shield Technology: Better Than Ever But Still Not Per||Shield Monitoring To Forecast Severe Face Weightings At The||Monitoring Of Longwall Seal Behaviour For Permeability And S||Ground Control In South African Coal Mines - A U.S. Perspect||Rock Mechanics Issues In The Trona Patch||Highwall Augering In Ultra-Thick Western Coal Reserves: Uniq||Seismic Events Due To Underground Mining Activities||Control Technology For Roof Drill Operators||Resin Annulus Size Effects On Rebar Bolt Pull Strength And R||Roof Bolt Response To Shear Stress: Laboratory Analysis||Laboratory Study Of Shear Loading And Bolt Load Transfer Mec||Analysis Of Cable Bolt Performance Using Numerical Modeling||Roof Bolting Application In Longwall Mining In Indonesia And||Ground Control Design For Multiple Seam Mining Using Finite||Pillar Design Issues For Underground Stone Mines||Calibration Of The Analysis Of Longwall Pillar Stability (AL||Mine Convergence When Using Mobile Roof Supports In Pillar R||The Advance And Relieve Mining Method: A Horizontal Stress C||Localized Horizontal Stress And Its Effect On Ground Control||Prediction And Control Of Surface Subsidence Over Abandoned||Effects Of Mining On Underground Infrastructures In The Germ||Ground Deformation In The Case Of Underground Mining Of Thic||Prevention Of Time-Dependent Subsidence By Elimination Of Gr|