Time-Dependent Analysis Of Underground Opening Stability

Sun, Changshou
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 8
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1999
Excessive deformation occurred in the underground openings of Jinchuan Nickel Mine, the largest nonferrous underground mine in China. Developed in weak rock formations at great depth, the underground openings are under great in-situ stresses with the horizontal stress being twice as high as the vertical one. Based on in-mine observations and in-situ testing results at the mine, time-dependent mite element simulations with coupled creep and plasticity constitutive models were conducted in this study to analyze the stability of underground openings In the study, the Burgers creep model and the Drucker-Prager plastic model were coupled to simulate underground drifts and cut-and-fill stopes. Two-dimensional finite element models were developed with ABAQUS - a comprehensive finite element simulation package The study investigated the behavior of underground drifts at great depth with high horizontal stress and the behavior of cut-and-fill stopes with various stope heights and fill conditions. The numerical simulations revealed important characteristics of opening deformations as a function of time after excavation and location relative to the wall of opening The results had good agreement with field monitoring data, They provided useful information to aid mine engineers in the design of mine openings, the selection of opening supports and the determination of support installation procedures.
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