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|Marrowbone Development Company operates a large drift mining complex in the central Appalachian coal field. In 1997, five continuous miner supersections produced close to 9 million tons of raw plant feed. All production is from the Coalburg seam, a 5 to 10 ft thick coal seam with multiple coal benches and shale binders. The immediate roof lithologies consist of laminated shales, sandstones, or a mixture of sandstones and shales. The mine area is bisected by the regional Warfield anticline and associated Warfield fault. Mining conditions vary considerably due to frequent changes in seam and roof geology. The following geological categories can be distinguished: 1) presence of coal riders in the immediate shale roof, 2) excessive seam slopes around the Warfield fault, 3) splay faults associated with the Warfield fault, 4) zones of abundant slickensides, 5) abrupt roof lithology changes (sandstone - shale), 6) splitting and merging of different benches of the Coalburg seam, 7) sandstone washouts, 8) excessive roof dilution, 9) pillar sizing problems due to seam anomalies (soft fireclay binders). Several examples of these features are discussed in detail. Also, their relationship to roof fall occurrences is evaluated. Early recognition of potentially adverse geological conditions is of prime importance for the economic viability of the mining plans. Detailed core drilling in advance of the mining faces and coordination of the core data with underground mapping are the main forecasting tools.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings - 18th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
|Pillar Collapse at Welgedacht Colliery, South Africa: A Case||Causes of Massive Directional Roof Falls in Room and Pillar||Catastrophic Collapse Of Highwall Web Pillars And Preventati||Mine Panel Collapse - Two Case Studies||Roof Geology Mapping In Underground Coal Mines||Electromagnetic Seam Wave Mapping Of Roof Rock Conditions Ac||Geological Conditions At Continuous Miner Sections; Examples||The Role Of Engineering And Geology In Analyzing Ground Cont||The Development And Use Of Risk Assessment Techniques To Ass||Time-Dependent Analysis Of Underground Opening Stability||Tekflex As A Sprayon Screen Replacement In An Underground Ha||Tunnel Deformation Monitoring "Action Levels" In Coal Mines||Skin Failure Of Roof And Rib In Underground Coal Mines||Application Of Polyurethane Injection For Rehabilitation Of||Design Considerations For Bump-Prone Longwall Mines||Design Methodology For Standing Secondary Roof Support In Lo||Modern Shield Technology: Better Than Ever But Still Not Per||Shield Monitoring To Forecast Severe Face Weightings At The||Monitoring Of Longwall Seal Behaviour For Permeability And S||Ground Control In South African Coal Mines - A U.S. Perspect||Rock Mechanics Issues In The Trona Patch||Highwall Augering In Ultra-Thick Western Coal Reserves: Uniq||Seismic Events Due To Underground Mining Activities||Control Technology For Roof Drill Operators||Resin Annulus Size Effects On Rebar Bolt Pull Strength And R||Roof Bolt Response To Shear Stress: Laboratory Analysis||Laboratory Study Of Shear Loading And Bolt Load Transfer Mec||Analysis Of Cable Bolt Performance Using Numerical Modeling||Roof Bolting Application In Longwall Mining In Indonesia And||Ground Control Design For Multiple Seam Mining Using Finite||Pillar Design Issues For Underground Stone Mines||Calibration Of The Analysis Of Longwall Pillar Stability (AL||Mine Convergence When Using Mobile Roof Supports In Pillar R||The Advance And Relieve Mining Method: A Horizontal Stress C||Localized Horizontal Stress And Its Effect On Ground Control||Prediction And Control Of Surface Subsidence Over Abandoned||Effects Of Mining On Underground Infrastructures In The Germ||Ground Deformation In The Case Of Underground Mining Of Thic||Prevention Of Time-Dependent Subsidence By Elimination Of Gr|