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|In highwall mining, once a sufficient number of web pillars are developed, they can fail catastrophically in a domino-type failure, posing a safety hazard to highwall miners and sterilizing mineable reserves. Three recent case histories of catastrophic web pillar failure in U.S. and Australian mines are documented and analyzed with two design approaches. The conventional design approach uses only a strength criterion, while the postfailure design approach uses both strength and stability criteria to insure an acceptable failure mode should strength failure occur. Catastrophic highwall web pillar failures can cost money through equipment losses, production losses, coal reserve sterilization and lost opportunity costs. Coal recovery may be higher. but the benefits of higher recovery must balance the potential costs of failure. Application of the conventional or postfailure design approach will decrease coal recovery and revenues, but the risk of potentially costly failure is much less.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings - 18th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
|Pillar Collapse at Welgedacht Colliery, South Africa: A Case||Causes of Massive Directional Roof Falls in Room and Pillar||Catastrophic Collapse Of Highwall Web Pillars And Preventati||Mine Panel Collapse - Two Case Studies||Roof Geology Mapping In Underground Coal Mines||Electromagnetic Seam Wave Mapping Of Roof Rock Conditions Ac||Geological Conditions At Continuous Miner Sections; Examples||The Role Of Engineering And Geology In Analyzing Ground Cont||The Development And Use Of Risk Assessment Techniques To Ass||Time-Dependent Analysis Of Underground Opening Stability||Tekflex As A Sprayon Screen Replacement In An Underground Ha||Tunnel Deformation Monitoring "Action Levels" In Coal Mines||Skin Failure Of Roof And Rib In Underground Coal Mines||Application Of Polyurethane Injection For Rehabilitation Of||Design Considerations For Bump-Prone Longwall Mines||Design Methodology For Standing Secondary Roof Support In Lo||Modern Shield Technology: Better Than Ever But Still Not Per||Shield Monitoring To Forecast Severe Face Weightings At The||Monitoring Of Longwall Seal Behaviour For Permeability And S||Ground Control In South African Coal Mines - A U.S. Perspect||Rock Mechanics Issues In The Trona Patch||Highwall Augering In Ultra-Thick Western Coal Reserves: Uniq||Seismic Events Due To Underground Mining Activities||Control Technology For Roof Drill Operators||Resin Annulus Size Effects On Rebar Bolt Pull Strength And R||Roof Bolt Response To Shear Stress: Laboratory Analysis||Laboratory Study Of Shear Loading And Bolt Load Transfer Mec||Analysis Of Cable Bolt Performance Using Numerical Modeling||Roof Bolting Application In Longwall Mining In Indonesia And||Ground Control Design For Multiple Seam Mining Using Finite||Pillar Design Issues For Underground Stone Mines||Calibration Of The Analysis Of Longwall Pillar Stability (AL||Mine Convergence When Using Mobile Roof Supports In Pillar R||The Advance And Relieve Mining Method: A Horizontal Stress C||Localized Horizontal Stress And Its Effect On Ground Control||Prediction And Control Of Surface Subsidence Over Abandoned||Effects Of Mining On Underground Infrastructures In The Germ||Ground Deformation In The Case Of Underground Mining Of Thic||Prevention Of Time-Dependent Subsidence By Elimination Of Gr|