A Critical Study of Strata Behaviour During Extraction of Pillars in a Thick Coal Seam

Jayanthu, S.
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 10
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1998
This paper presents analysis of strata behaviour with special reference to convergence and stress variation during an experimental trial of extraction of pillars with cable bolts as major support system in 6.5 - 8.0 m thick coal seam. Critical span for roof falls was estimated through empirical models and also evaluated by numerical models. In situ strata behaviour studies during 1992-96 for about 70 local/major falls revealed inadequacy of the available literature for interpretation and prediction of the roof falls. Convergence acceleration and variation of induced stress based on continuous monitoring data showed distinct anomalies and potential for better understanding of strata mechanics during pillar extraction.
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