The Design of Room and Pillar Mining Systems in the UK

Daws, Graham
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 9
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1998
State of the Art Room and Pillar mining techniques have been employed at two coal mines in the UK in the last two years. This paper describes the design of pillars and rockbolted support systems for Room and Pillar mining operations in these collieres. Within the last year, rock mass classification systems have been used in the design process of a room and pillar mining layout at one of these collieries. In particular, the roofbolt support system was detailed using these techniques and the support system was linked with operational aspects such as depth of cut. The depth of cut was initially estimated using rock mass classification systems and then verified by a stand up trial which was monitored remotely. The stand up time has a direct influence on the operational aspects of the mine and this is described. The design was verified by performance monitoring and the results are discussed. The importance of understanding the role of rockbolting is emphasised along with some examples of accurately determining in-situ bolt performance. The paper also recommends some modifications to rock mass classification systems when applied to underground coal mining operations.
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