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|The major functions of longwall headgate entries are to provide access ways to the outby submains or mains for coal transportation and to the longwall face for fresh air and for transporting men and material during longwall operations. Any roof control problems such as cutter roofs or roof falls in the outby headgate entries could result in significant production delays to the longwall face and may be a threat to miners' safety Under a thinly laminated immediate roof and a high horizontal stress field, even a longwall headgate entry that has an angle of less than 45 degree to the maximum horizontal stress may experience roof deterioration in the outby headgate if the longwall panel mining sequence and retreat direction are not properly considered. This paper attempts to analyze the causes of the roof control problems experienced in the longwall gate entries at our Cumberland and Emerald mines in Pennsylvania and to determine the optimal longwall panel mining sequence and retreat direction for the future mining area at Cumberland|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book 17th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining (ICGCM)
|Gateroad Pillar Extraction Experience at Jim Walter Resource||Stability of Backfilled Cross-panel Entries During Longwall||Mining Through In-panel Entries and Full-face Recovery Room||Cutable and Variable Yield Cement Cribbing Successfully Supp||International Experience with Longwall Mining into Pre-drive||Analysis of Geologic and Geotechnical Conditions and Their E||Comparison of Ground Conditions and Ground Control Practices||Application of Microseismic Monitoring to Longwall Geomechan||Control of Hard-to-Collapse Massive Roofs in Longwall Faces||A Study of Periodic Weighting of Longwall Supports||Effects of Panel Mining Sequence and Retreat Direction on th||Controlling Roof Beam Failures From High Horizontal Stresses||Roof Control Under Conditions of Shallow Depth and High Hori||Assessment of Roadway and Yielding-pillar Performance During||Practical Stress Modeling for Mine Planning||The Design of Room and Pillar Mining Systems in the UK||Geotechnical Planning and Development of the BHP Minerals Sa||Coal Pillar Life Prediction in the Vaal Basin, South Africa||An Analytical Approach to Determine Stress Distribution in L||In Situ Strength Testing of Rocks with the Borehole Penetrom||Performance and Safety Considerations of Hydraulic Support S||A Decade of Mobile Roof Support Application in the United St||A Critical Study of Strata Behaviour During Extraction of Pi||Progression of Longwall Gateroad Support as Conditions Chang||Application of the Coal Mine Roof Rating, Derived from Drill||The Effects of Reduced Annulus in Roof Bolting Performance||Laboratory and In Situ Results of a Slip Nut Yielding Rock B||Field Monitoring of Rock Bolting Performance in Weak Roof St||A Case Study of Bolt Performance in a Two-entry Gateroad||Automated Temporary Roof Support Systems: An Update||Safety and Productivity Innovations in Mechanized Bolting||Factors Influencing Intersection Stability in U.S. Coal Mine||Analysis of the Effect of Rate of Extraction on Strain Devel||Analysis of Panel Stability for Post-Mining Slurry Injection||Development of Timedependent Surface Subsidence Over the Tot||Transversely Elasto-Plastic Analysis of Surface Subsidence A||Landslide Occurrence and Causation in Steep Slope Areas of A||Rock Bursting and Seismicity During Ramp Development, Lucky||Advances in Remote Sensing Techniques for Monitoring Rock Fa|