Application of Microseismic Monitoring to Longwall Geomechanics and Safety in Australia

Luo, Xun
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 7
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1998
In this paper we report on the use of microseismic monitoring techniques to investigate the fracturing process associated with longwall mining. The study was carried out at three mines in Australia and concentrated on some major concerns of the mines, such as failure patterns and growth rate associated with mining progress, their implications to water ingress and gas emissions, caving processes in the goaf and precursors of roof falls. The results have shown that a zone of shear fracturing has occurred further ahead of the longwall face than predicted using conventional longwall geomechanics theory. Failure patterns in the roof and floor vary from mine to mine and this appears to be dominated by geological structures. The reaction of faults, the formation of fractures which allow gas emissions and precursors roof falls have also observed. Results from this work have opened up new understanding of longwall caving processes and proved that microseismic monitoring is a very useful technique for studies of longwall geomechanics and hazard controls.
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