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|Roof falls are one of the leading ground control problems that adversely influence productivity and worker safety in underground mines, construction sites, and nuclear waste repositories. To control roof stability problems, the operator needs to have practical methods for measuring changes in strata conditions and criteria for defining the timing of secondary support installation. The objective of this study was to develop measurement techniques and criteria for assessing roof conditions at the mining face. An integrated rock deformation and tomographic imaging method was developed and applied at two sites in a western U.S. trona mine. It was shown that rock damage occurred at a deformation of 30 to 60 mm (1.2 to 2.4 in) (2 to 4 pct strain) and was associated with a significant (16 pct) reduction in wave velocity. Thus, supplementary support may be installed when there is a measured change in wave velocity of at least 16 pct. Tomographic measurements can be obtained in rocks rapidly, thus providing a powerful tool for analyzing growth of failure and for installing supplementary support systems in a timely manner.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings 15th International Conference On Ground Control In Mining
|Practical Aspects Of Mobile Roof Support Usage||Chemical Consolidation For Roadway Surrounding Rock - It&apo||Fortrac® Geogrids For Mine Roof Control||Ground Pressure Control With Use Of Freezing Rocks On The Or||Effect Of Specimen Size On Compressive Strength Of Coal||The Uniaxial Compressive Strength Of Coal: Should It Be Used||Three-Seam Interaction: A Case Study||Computer Modeling Of Rock Mass Geomechanic State In Longwall||The Influence Of Massive Sandstones In The Main Roof On Long||New Laminated Displacement-Discontinuity Program: Fundamenta||Load Determination For Long Cable Bolt Support Using Compute||Subsidence Misconceptions And Myths||Interaction Subsidence In The Sydney Coalfield, Nova Scotia||Identification Of Factors Affecting Horizontal Displacement||Subsidence Control Over Abandoned Mines||Monitoring Subsidence Over Submarine Coal Mines In The Sydne||High Horizontal Stress Effects On Longwall Gate Entry Stabil||Analysis Of Entry Roof Failure And Falls At Springvale Colli||The Effect Of Gas Pressure On Coal Strength||Applications Of Probabilistic Analysis In Mine Ground Contro||Regularities Of Rock Pressure Manifestations In Longwalls In||Design Of Multi-Level Thick Seam Extractions Under Major Aqu||State-Of-The-Art Room-And-Pillar Retreat Mining In The Kitta||Highwall Control At Homestake's Open Cut Mine||Design And Hazard Assessment Of Mine Ore Passes||Geomechanical Support Of Adaptive Mining Technology||Direct Laboratory Tensile Testing Of Select Yielding Rock Bo||Managing A New Technology - An Update Of The UK Rockbolting||Innovative Secondary Support Technologies For Western Mines||Innovation In Control Of Geomechanical State Of Undermined R||Application Of Tomographic Imaging To Stability Assessment||Using Ground Penetrating Radar For Roof Hazard Detection In||Classification Of Large Seismic Events At The Lucky Friday M||Rating Coal Mine Roof Strength From Exploratory Drill Core||Rapid Assessment Of Gateroad Roof Stability By Simple Monito||Geomechanic Monitoring And Distributed Information Systems||Monitoring Roof Beam Lateral Displacement At The Waste Isola||Laboratory Pull Tests Of Resin-Grouted Cable Bolts||Optimizing Secondary Tailgate Support Selection||Performance Evaluation Of A Cable Bolted Yield-Abutment Gate||High Horizontal Movements In Longwall Gate Roads Controlled||Shear Behavior Of Cable Bolt Supports In Horizontal, Bedded||An Evaluation Of Strata Behavior And Tailgate Support Perfor||Two Case Studies Of The Performance Of Rib Supports||Harworth Colliery: Rockbolted Support In Weak Roof At Depth||Problems And Prospects Of Roof Bolting Development At Cuzbas||Design Methods To Control Violent Pillar Failures In Room-An||Design Of Longwall Extractions Under Flooded Abandoned Worki||Effect Of Water On Stability Of Mine Roadways||Weightings And Water Inflows During Longwall Working||Underground Movement Of Rock Mass And Stress Distribution Du||Applications Of New Technologies To The Technical Design And||In-Seam Seismic Tomography Mapping Application To Coal Minin||Application Of Seismic Tomography In Underground Mining||Seismic Tomography For Longwall Stress Analysis||Geostatistical Methods For Hazard Assessment And Site Charac||Estimation Of Long-Term Stability Of Mine Pillars In Undergr||Geotechnical Factors Influencing A Time-Dependent Deformatio||Application Of Computer Programs For Rock Pressure Control||Analysis Of Multiple-Seam Interaction In A Bump-Prone Wester||Optimised Layout And Roadway Support Planning With Integrate||Automated Monitoring Of Rock Slopes And Waste Dumps||The Investigation Of The Rock Mass Stressed-Deformed State U|