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|The initial results of our investigations on the applicability of geophysical exploration methods to map coal seam inclusions were summarized in a paper submitted at the Thirteenth Conference on Ground Control in Mining in 1994. These investigations were continued under a variety of conditions at a number of underground coal mining operations. The results have been encouraging and have fostered a much more detailed understanding of the geophysical principles at work in underground mine mapping. This report summarizes a particularly interesting application, that is, the use of Underground In-Seam Seismic exploration methods to identify and to approximately delineate coal seam inclusions within longwall panels. The methodology relies on the excitation of seismic sources in the coal seam along one side of the panel and the recording of seismic waves by geophones secured to the coal rib on the opposite side. Head-Body waves (compressional and shear), direct and channel waves are generated in the process. While the head waves are critically refracted waves traveling at the coal floor and roof, direct and channel waves are transmitted through the coal body and are dispersive in character. Tomographic techniques applied to the velocity inversion of first arrivals permits a fast mapping of coal seam inclusions in the panel. The process incorporates path velocity and geostatistical intersect analysis. Full wave analysis of the dispersive channel waves, provides an independent and confirmatory information of the coal geometry, including the inclusions within. The inversion technique in this case is the modal analysis of the wave trains. The application of this method to three different problems was confirmed by subsequent mining of the predicted anomalies, proving the accuracy of the technique within limits of experimental error.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Ground Control in fining
|Truss Systems For Longwall Tailgate Support - Update||Cable Support Systems For Longwall Gate Road Stability||Innovative Tailgate Support For Heavy Ground: 11 Left Longwa||Parameters Affecting Resin-Anchored Cable Bolt Performance:||Roof Support Performance In High Stress Conditions||Regional Horizontal Stress And Its Effect On Longwall Mining||Deformation Development Around Mine Roadways And Simulation||Monitoring Mobile Roof Supports||Analysis Of Retreat Mining Pillar Stability||Planning And Design For Barrier Pillar Recovery Three Case H||Influence Of Partings In A Coal Seam On Long Term Pillar Sta||A Cooperative Study Of Gate Entry Designs Welbeck Colliery (||Comparative Case Study Of Yielding And Critical Coal Pillar||Comparison Of Empirical, Analytical, And Numerical Methods O||Nonlinear Approach For Determining Design Criteria For Yield||In-Situ Coal Strength Determination - Case Studies||The Design And Application Of Propsetter? In Underground Coa||Renewed Interest In Prop Supports As A Replacement For Wood||Improved Intersection Design And Monitoring In The Sydney Co||Drivage System In Retreat Longwall Gateroad||Case Study Of Stability Investigations Related To Shallow Un||Analysis Of Rockbolt Performance At The Waste Isolation Pilo||Continuous Improvement In Cuttable Coal Rib Support In Austr||Floor Failure Induced By Lateral Stress Ahead Of Longwall Su||Towards A Method Of Determining Floor Quality In An Undergro||Chinese And North American High-Extraction Underground Coal||Integration Of CAD-Based Mine Planning And Subsidence Engine||Development Of A Subsidence Database And Determination Of Su||Statistical Regional Calibration Of Subsidence Prediction Mo||Subsidence Monitoring Results, Thick Seam Longwall Mining In||Application Of Mechanical And Groundwater-Flow Models To Pre||The Application Of Underground In-Seam Seismic Methods (UISS||Vertical Stress Redistribution Around A Retreating Longwall||Entry Stability Monitoring & Analysis For Longwall & Continu||A Case Study Of A Deformation Mechanism Around A Two-Entry G||Multiseam Mining On South African Collieries||Design And Planning Of Lower Seam Longwall Gateroads||Optimizing Pillar Design In A Multi-Seam Environment|