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|Strength of coal is one of the governing factors in size determination of mine pillars, and therefore affects the percentage of extraction and thus, utilization of reserves. Coal strength is also important from the subsidence control standpoint, where mine pillars with appropriate safety factors should be designed for long term stability. Determination of coal seam strength has been addressed through the extrapolation of the coal strength obtained from a small number of samples on the whole section of the seam. This procedure often gives unreliable results. Presented in this paper is a method of in-situ strength testing of coal, allowing for a realistic determination of seam strength. Results of a field case study dealing with the coal seam, where samples for the laboratory strength tests could not be obtained due to the dense cleat, are presented. However, in these conditions, the in-situ testing was successful. A comparison of both conventional and the in-situ penetrometer method was carried out. It was found that the penetrometer data not only improve the accuracy of strength determination of the entire seam, but also prove to be much more cost effective than the conventional method on a per test basis.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Ground Control in fining
|Truss Systems For Longwall Tailgate Support - Update||Cable Support Systems For Longwall Gate Road Stability||Innovative Tailgate Support For Heavy Ground: 11 Left Longwa||Parameters Affecting Resin-Anchored Cable Bolt Performance:||Roof Support Performance In High Stress Conditions||Regional Horizontal Stress And Its Effect On Longwall Mining||Deformation Development Around Mine Roadways And Simulation||Monitoring Mobile Roof Supports||Analysis Of Retreat Mining Pillar Stability||Planning And Design For Barrier Pillar Recovery Three Case H||Influence Of Partings In A Coal Seam On Long Term Pillar Sta||A Cooperative Study Of Gate Entry Designs Welbeck Colliery (||Comparative Case Study Of Yielding And Critical Coal Pillar||Comparison Of Empirical, Analytical, And Numerical Methods O||Nonlinear Approach For Determining Design Criteria For Yield||In-Situ Coal Strength Determination - Case Studies||The Design And Application Of Propsetter? In Underground Coa||Renewed Interest In Prop Supports As A Replacement For Wood||Improved Intersection Design And Monitoring In The Sydney Co||Drivage System In Retreat Longwall Gateroad||Case Study Of Stability Investigations Related To Shallow Un||Analysis Of Rockbolt Performance At The Waste Isolation Pilo||Continuous Improvement In Cuttable Coal Rib Support In Austr||Floor Failure Induced By Lateral Stress Ahead Of Longwall Su||Towards A Method Of Determining Floor Quality In An Undergro||Chinese And North American High-Extraction Underground Coal||Integration Of CAD-Based Mine Planning And Subsidence Engine||Development Of A Subsidence Database And Determination Of Su||Statistical Regional Calibration Of Subsidence Prediction Mo||Subsidence Monitoring Results, Thick Seam Longwall Mining In||Application Of Mechanical And Groundwater-Flow Models To Pre||The Application Of Underground In-Seam Seismic Methods (UISS||Vertical Stress Redistribution Around A Retreating Longwall||Entry Stability Monitoring & Analysis For Longwall & Continu||A Case Study Of A Deformation Mechanism Around A Two-Entry G||Multiseam Mining On South African Collieries||Design And Planning Of Lower Seam Longwall Gateroads||Optimizing Pillar Design In A Multi-Seam Environment|