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|Longwall developments in the UK have historically consisted of single entry gate roads. Adjacent developments were separated from existing panels by large barrier pillars (designed of sufficient width to get away from the longwall abutments of the previous panel) or by small barriers driven in the shadow, or de-stressed zone, of the previous panel. Some 2nd panel tailgates were also driven skin to skin leaving no coal barrier between the newly driven entry and the heavily supported existing gateroad. With the developement and wide acceptance of fully bolted entries and the pressure to reduce production costs, alternatives to single entry drivage, particularly yield pillar developments, were examined. Through the Rock Mechanics Branch of British Coal, a cooperative study was begun with Jim Walter Resources, Inc., USA, (JWR) to look at the yield pillar alternative in detail. This study was to determine the feasibility of utilizing yield pillars in the UK and to determine, through monitoring, the possibility of reducing stable pillar widths at JWR. The study has included extensive monitoring of the yield-stable-yield pillar system at JWR No. 7 Mine and an underground trial of a two entry yield pillar test area at Welbeck Colliery in the UK. This paper describes results from the JWR study and the subsequent results of the first advancing yield pillar development in the UK at Welbeck Colliery.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Ground Control in fining
|Truss Systems For Longwall Tailgate Support - Update||Cable Support Systems For Longwall Gate Road Stability||Innovative Tailgate Support For Heavy Ground: 11 Left Longwa||Parameters Affecting Resin-Anchored Cable Bolt Performance:||Roof Support Performance In High Stress Conditions||Regional Horizontal Stress And Its Effect On Longwall Mining||Deformation Development Around Mine Roadways And Simulation||Monitoring Mobile Roof Supports||Analysis Of Retreat Mining Pillar Stability||Planning And Design For Barrier Pillar Recovery Three Case H||Influence Of Partings In A Coal Seam On Long Term Pillar Sta||A Cooperative Study Of Gate Entry Designs Welbeck Colliery (||Comparative Case Study Of Yielding And Critical Coal Pillar||Comparison Of Empirical, Analytical, And Numerical Methods O||Nonlinear Approach For Determining Design Criteria For Yield||In-Situ Coal Strength Determination - Case Studies||The Design And Application Of Propsetter? In Underground Coa||Renewed Interest In Prop Supports As A Replacement For Wood||Improved Intersection Design And Monitoring In The Sydney Co||Drivage System In Retreat Longwall Gateroad||Case Study Of Stability Investigations Related To Shallow Un||Analysis Of Rockbolt Performance At The Waste Isolation Pilo||Continuous Improvement In Cuttable Coal Rib Support In Austr||Floor Failure Induced By Lateral Stress Ahead Of Longwall Su||Towards A Method Of Determining Floor Quality In An Undergro||Chinese And North American High-Extraction Underground Coal||Integration Of CAD-Based Mine Planning And Subsidence Engine||Development Of A Subsidence Database And Determination Of Su||Statistical Regional Calibration Of Subsidence Prediction Mo||Subsidence Monitoring Results, Thick Seam Longwall Mining In||Application Of Mechanical And Groundwater-Flow Models To Pre||The Application Of Underground In-Seam Seismic Methods (UISS||Vertical Stress Redistribution Around A Retreating Longwall||Entry Stability Monitoring & Analysis For Longwall & Continu||A Case Study Of A Deformation Mechanism Around A Two-Entry G||Multiseam Mining On South African Collieries||Design And Planning Of Lower Seam Longwall Gateroads||Optimizing Pillar Design In A Multi-Seam Environment|