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|Preventing pillar line squeezes, massive pillar collapses, and coal pillar bumps is critical to the safe and efficient recovery of coal during retreat mining operations. To help prevent these problems, the U.S. Bureau of Mines has developed the Analysis of Retreat Mining Pillar Stability (ARMPS) computer program. ARMPS calculates stability factors (SF) based on estimates of the loads applied to, and the load-bearing capacities of, pillars during retreat mining operations. The program can accommodate various retreat mining scenarios including angled crosscuts, varied entry spacings, barrier pillars between the active section and old (side) gobs, and slab cuts in the barriers on retreat. It also features a pillar strength formula that considers the greater strength of rectangular pillars. The program may be used to evaluate bleeder entry designs as well as active workings. A data base of 130 pillar retreat case histories has been collected across the United States to verify the program. It was found that satisfactory conditions were very rare when the ARMPS SF was less than 0.75. Conversely, very few unsatisfactory designs were found where the ARMPS SF was greater than 1.5.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Ground Control in fining
|Truss Systems For Longwall Tailgate Support - Update||Cable Support Systems For Longwall Gate Road Stability||Innovative Tailgate Support For Heavy Ground: 11 Left Longwa||Parameters Affecting Resin-Anchored Cable Bolt Performance:||Roof Support Performance In High Stress Conditions||Regional Horizontal Stress And Its Effect On Longwall Mining||Deformation Development Around Mine Roadways And Simulation||Monitoring Mobile Roof Supports||Analysis Of Retreat Mining Pillar Stability||Planning And Design For Barrier Pillar Recovery Three Case H||Influence Of Partings In A Coal Seam On Long Term Pillar Sta||A Cooperative Study Of Gate Entry Designs Welbeck Colliery (||Comparative Case Study Of Yielding And Critical Coal Pillar||Comparison Of Empirical, Analytical, And Numerical Methods O||Nonlinear Approach For Determining Design Criteria For Yield||In-Situ Coal Strength Determination - Case Studies||The Design And Application Of Propsetter? In Underground Coa||Renewed Interest In Prop Supports As A Replacement For Wood||Improved Intersection Design And Monitoring In The Sydney Co||Drivage System In Retreat Longwall Gateroad||Case Study Of Stability Investigations Related To Shallow Un||Analysis Of Rockbolt Performance At The Waste Isolation Pilo||Continuous Improvement In Cuttable Coal Rib Support In Austr||Floor Failure Induced By Lateral Stress Ahead Of Longwall Su||Towards A Method Of Determining Floor Quality In An Undergro||Chinese And North American High-Extraction Underground Coal||Integration Of CAD-Based Mine Planning And Subsidence Engine||Development Of A Subsidence Database And Determination Of Su||Statistical Regional Calibration Of Subsidence Prediction Mo||Subsidence Monitoring Results, Thick Seam Longwall Mining In||Application Of Mechanical And Groundwater-Flow Models To Pre||The Application Of Underground In-Seam Seismic Methods (UISS||Vertical Stress Redistribution Around A Retreating Longwall||Entry Stability Monitoring & Analysis For Longwall & Continu||A Case Study Of A Deformation Mechanism Around A Two-Entry G||Multiseam Mining On South African Collieries||Design And Planning Of Lower Seam Longwall Gateroads||Optimizing Pillar Design In A Multi-Seam Environment|