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|As part of a larger research effort focused on ground control, the U.S. Bureau of Mines is currently evaluating the effectiveness of using stereological analysis for characterizing mine roof strata. Input for a stereological analysis of a rock mass is best obtained by scanning (imaging) the walls of clean drill holes using a video-imaging borescope or other video device. Two classes of features are being investigated: (1) Lithologic types that comprise the overall rock mass and (2) structural discontinuities (e.g., joints, foliation, bedding planes) within a given lithologic unit. In the former, the volume fraction of a given Lithologic unit in relation to the entire rock mass can be estimated. In the latter, the mean intercept length between adjacent structures and surface area density of the geologic structures can be estimated. Examples of sampling procedures and subsequent computations are presented for several situations using information collected from drill holes in roofs of underground mines. One such example is based on the trace of a cycloid curve used as a stereological sampling path on the cylindrical wall of a drill hole. Stereological measures, such as intercept length, volume fraction, and surface area density, are explained in the context of rock mass characterization.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
|Cable Bolting - Potential Applications For Variable Strata C||Evaluation Of Support Performance In A Highly Stressed Mine||Operational Experience With FLEXIBOLT Systems In Australian||Roofbolting In The Cape Breton Development Corporation'||Some Factors Influencing Stability Of Longwall Gateroad||Design Of Roadway Support Using A Strain Softening Model||Automation Of A Progressive Failure Procedure For Analysis O||The Massive Collapse Of Coal Pillars - Case Histories From T||Time Dependent Strength Of Coal Strata For Long-Term Pillar||Yield Pillar Behavior At Jim Walter No. 7 Mine Stress And St||A Comparison Of Overburden Response Due To Longwall Mining||Longwall Ground Behavior Characteristics In The Illinois Coa||Cavability Study Of A Competent Roof - A Case Study||Roof Pressure Monitoring Using The Integrated Longwalt Autom||Longwall Production, Maintenance, And Roof Control System||The Design And Selection Of Powered Supports For Application||Tailgate Support Practice In U.S. Longwall Mines - A Survey||Influence Of Support Capacity And Geometry On Tailgate Suppo||Innovative Concept In Tailgate Entry Support: Elimination Of||Resin-Grouted Cables For Longwall Tailgate Support Stability||Tailgate Roadway Convergence: A Key Indicator Of Potential G||Assessment Of Wood And Alternative Materials For Supplementa||Experience With The Boundary Element Method Of Numerical Mod||The Fault At The End Of The Tunnel||Microseismic Monitoring In The Sydney Coalfield||Realistic Design Of Ground Control Based On Geotechnical Dat||Underground High Resolution Seismic Method As A Low Cost Alt||Pillarless Longwall Mining For Multiple Seams||Stable Entry Design In A Multi-Seam Environment||Evaluating Roof Control In Underground Coal Mines With The C||Hazard Mapping Combining Geostatistical Modeling Of Coal Min||Stereological Sampling And Analysis For Characterizing Disco||Determining Horizontal Stress Direction Using The Stress Map||Stability And Stress Evaluation In Mines Using In-Seam Seism||Hydrogeologic Effects Of Subsidence At A Longwall Mine In Th||Monitoring Railroad Response To Mining Subsidence And Assess||Study On The High-Pressure Grouting Of The Overburden For Su|