Hazard Mapping Combining Geostatistical Modeling Of Coal Mine Roof Quality Ratings With Numerical Modeling Of Stress Data

Riefenberg, J.
Organization: International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
Pages: 8
Publication Date: Jan 1, 1994
U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM) researchers are developing a personal computer-based hazard mapping system for use in underground coal mines. Hazard mapping is rapidly gaining interest as delineating areas of possible instability is becoming more complex. The development of a hazard map is based on the consensus that combined effects of local and regional stresses, roof, floor, and rib quality, geology, faulting, presence of ground water, etc., all contribute to stability of the ground. In order to demonstrate the concept, a hazard map was developed that combined stresses anticipated to occur in a multiseam setting using numerical modeling, and the newly developed Coal Mine Roof Rating (CMRR) where roof quality ratings in untested areas were modeled using geostatistical methods. Ten borescope readings from an underground mine were used to compute CMRR's for the geostatistical analysis. CMRR's for the mine ranged from 57 to 77, and are considered in the moderate to strong range. A hazard map was developed by combining the stress effects of interseam mining, scaled to weigh equally with CMRR's, and CMRR geostatistical analysis results. This hazard map demonstrates a synergistic effect between the mining-induced stress fields and the roof quality ratings, indicating, as expected, a greater hazard index in areas of high stress and lesser roof quality.
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