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|The U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM) is conducting research to provide alternatives for traditional secondary support methods. These cost-saving methods are proving to afford safer installation, improve entry stability, eradicate material-handling injuries associated with crib supports, and enhance ventilation. In cooperation with Mountain Coal Company, the USBM replaced timber cribbing with high- strength cable supports to provide stability in a gate road that was used for two longwall panels. The support design consisted of 2.1-m (7-ft) full-column resin-grouted bolts and 4.8-m- (16-ft-) long high-strength resin-grouted cable supports. Three support concepts were evaluated: passive, stiff, and tensioned systems. Cable loading and roof deformations were monitored to evaluate the behavior of the immediate and main roofs during panel extraction. The stress and loading histories for both panels and the abutment and yield pillars were monitored to assist in evaluating the stress transfer and pillar performance in conjunction with the roof behavior. The test results indicated that resin- grouted cable support systems successfully maintained the immediate and main roofs during the extraction of two longwall panels. This paper describes the theory, application, and advantages of resin-grouted cable supports and presents the mine measurements made to assess the cable performance during the retreat process of longwall mining.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
|Cable Bolting - Potential Applications For Variable Strata C||Evaluation Of Support Performance In A Highly Stressed Mine||Operational Experience With FLEXIBOLT Systems In Australian||Roofbolting In The Cape Breton Development Corporation'||Some Factors Influencing Stability Of Longwall Gateroad||Design Of Roadway Support Using A Strain Softening Model||Automation Of A Progressive Failure Procedure For Analysis O||The Massive Collapse Of Coal Pillars - Case Histories From T||Time Dependent Strength Of Coal Strata For Long-Term Pillar||Yield Pillar Behavior At Jim Walter No. 7 Mine Stress And St||A Comparison Of Overburden Response Due To Longwall Mining||Longwall Ground Behavior Characteristics In The Illinois Coa||Cavability Study Of A Competent Roof - A Case Study||Roof Pressure Monitoring Using The Integrated Longwalt Autom||Longwall Production, Maintenance, And Roof Control System||The Design And Selection Of Powered Supports For Application||Tailgate Support Practice In U.S. Longwall Mines - A Survey||Influence Of Support Capacity And Geometry On Tailgate Suppo||Innovative Concept In Tailgate Entry Support: Elimination Of||Resin-Grouted Cables For Longwall Tailgate Support Stability||Tailgate Roadway Convergence: A Key Indicator Of Potential G||Assessment Of Wood And Alternative Materials For Supplementa||Experience With The Boundary Element Method Of Numerical Mod||The Fault At The End Of The Tunnel||Microseismic Monitoring In The Sydney Coalfield||Realistic Design Of Ground Control Based On Geotechnical Dat||Underground High Resolution Seismic Method As A Low Cost Alt||Pillarless Longwall Mining For Multiple Seams||Stable Entry Design In A Multi-Seam Environment||Evaluating Roof Control In Underground Coal Mines With The C||Hazard Mapping Combining Geostatistical Modeling Of Coal Min||Stereological Sampling And Analysis For Characterizing Disco||Determining Horizontal Stress Direction Using The Stress Map||Stability And Stress Evaluation In Mines Using In-Seam Seism||Hydrogeologic Effects Of Subsidence At A Longwall Mine In Th||Monitoring Railroad Response To Mining Subsidence And Assess||Study On The High-Pressure Grouting Of The Overburden For Su|