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|The U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM) is conducting research to develop a practical computer-based tool that will allow coal mine planners to anticipate rock mass behavior surrounding mine entries prior to actual mining. More specifically, this tool estimates to what degree and extent the immediate roof and floor strata and the coal pillar ribs surrounding an opening will weaken or fail for a given set of mining parameters. The technical approach couples together two numerical techniques: the boundary-element method and the finite-element method to allow for an approximate three-dimensional simulation of actual mining situations. Outputs from plan-view, linear-elastic, boundary-element models executed at different mining stages are used as input to a detailed, section-view, finite-element model to estimate the degree and extent of failure expected to occur around the periphery of an entry system. Using a pseudo-elastic approach. elastic rock mass properties are continually updated as different zones are predicted to fail. The procedure is relatively easy to use and is being set up to work interactively with the user who will not be expected to be a computer expert. Inputs include easily understood parameters obtainable from the field and rock mechanics laboratories. Examples of computer-generated output from generic sample models representing typical mining situations are presented and results discussed.|
Additional chapters/articles from the SME-ICGCM book Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining
|Cable Bolting - Potential Applications For Variable Strata C||Evaluation Of Support Performance In A Highly Stressed Mine||Operational Experience With FLEXIBOLT Systems In Australian||Roofbolting In The Cape Breton Development Corporation'||Some Factors Influencing Stability Of Longwall Gateroad||Design Of Roadway Support Using A Strain Softening Model||Automation Of A Progressive Failure Procedure For Analysis O||The Massive Collapse Of Coal Pillars - Case Histories From T||Time Dependent Strength Of Coal Strata For Long-Term Pillar||Yield Pillar Behavior At Jim Walter No. 7 Mine Stress And St||A Comparison Of Overburden Response Due To Longwall Mining||Longwall Ground Behavior Characteristics In The Illinois Coa||Cavability Study Of A Competent Roof - A Case Study||Roof Pressure Monitoring Using The Integrated Longwalt Autom||Longwall Production, Maintenance, And Roof Control System||The Design And Selection Of Powered Supports For Application||Tailgate Support Practice In U.S. Longwall Mines - A Survey||Influence Of Support Capacity And Geometry On Tailgate Suppo||Innovative Concept In Tailgate Entry Support: Elimination Of||Resin-Grouted Cables For Longwall Tailgate Support Stability||Tailgate Roadway Convergence: A Key Indicator Of Potential G||Assessment Of Wood And Alternative Materials For Supplementa||Experience With The Boundary Element Method Of Numerical Mod||The Fault At The End Of The Tunnel||Microseismic Monitoring In The Sydney Coalfield||Realistic Design Of Ground Control Based On Geotechnical Dat||Underground High Resolution Seismic Method As A Low Cost Alt||Pillarless Longwall Mining For Multiple Seams||Stable Entry Design In A Multi-Seam Environment||Evaluating Roof Control In Underground Coal Mines With The C||Hazard Mapping Combining Geostatistical Modeling Of Coal Min||Stereological Sampling And Analysis For Characterizing Disco||Determining Horizontal Stress Direction Using The Stress Map||Stability And Stress Evaluation In Mines Using In-Seam Seism||Hydrogeologic Effects Of Subsidence At A Longwall Mine In Th||Monitoring Railroad Response To Mining Subsidence And Assess||Study On The High-Pressure Grouting Of The Overburden For Su|